Alexandru Averescu

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Averescu, Alexandru

 

Born Apr. 9, 1859; died Oct. 3, 1938. Rumanian military and political figure; became marshal in 1934.

Averescu served as minister of war during 1907–09. In 1907 he inflicted bloody reprisals against the insurgent peasants. From 1911 he was chief of the General Staff, and during World War I he commanded the field army. He became minister of internal affairs in 1919 and served as prime minister during 1920–21. Averescu’s government dealt cruelly with the participants of the general strike of October 1920, adopting a series of laws directed against the workers’ and peasants’ movement. In 1920, Averescu transformed the People’s League, which he had founded in 1918, to the People’s Party, whose program was close to that of the Liberal Party. Averescu was prime minister during 1926–27 and advocated an alliance with Germany and Fascist Italy.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another example in the direction of regrouping on the political stage was represented by the discussions on creating a constitutional block, but the negotiations among Gheorghe Bratianu, Iuliu Maniu, Alexandra Averescu and Grigore Iunian, did not materialize (Scurtu and Buzatu, 1999: 337).
(2) PhD candidate, "Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu, National Institute for Research & Development in Informatics, 8-10 Averescu Avenue, 011455, Bucharest, Romania, monica.anghel@ici.ro
On March 31, 1926 the Averescu government appointed Vasile Goldis as Minister of Culture and Religious Affairs.
In this context, general Alexandru Averescu also attempted an agreement with the Bolsheviks, a decision which might have been fatal for his career, equating with a betrayal.
The agricultural reform was accomplished by Garoflid Constantin, the minister of agriculture in Averescu's Government, and it came into force in 1921.
All the political forces: the liberals, the peasants, the supporters of Averescu, the iron-guardists, the moderates etc.
In 1920, Averescu's government sent to Italy "two very distinguished people" in order to study the organization of the Italian state after the unification occurring in the 1860s.
In the same time, Romanian electors started to believe in the "man of the day", a category of political statesmen as Alexandru Averescu, Iuliu Maniu, Ion Mihalache which had a personality able to convince the people, after the end of the Bratianu dynasty.