Alexandru Averescu

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Averescu, Alexandru


Born Apr. 9, 1859; died Oct. 3, 1938. Rumanian military and political figure; became marshal in 1934.

Averescu served as minister of war during 1907–09. In 1907 he inflicted bloody reprisals against the insurgent peasants. From 1911 he was chief of the General Staff, and during World War I he commanded the field army. He became minister of internal affairs in 1919 and served as prime minister during 1920–21. Averescu’s government dealt cruelly with the participants of the general strike of October 1920, adopting a series of laws directed against the workers’ and peasants’ movement. In 1920, Averescu transformed the People’s League, which he had founded in 1918, to the People’s Party, whose program was close to that of the Liberal Party. Averescu was prime minister during 1926–27 and advocated an alliance with Germany and Fascist Italy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Cuza, Alexandra Averescu or Constantin Argetoianu (SJAN County, Fund Rezidenta Regala a Tinutului Olt, file no.
Florescu (21 februarie-26 noiembrie 1891) si generalul Alexandru Averescu, in primul sau guvern (29 ianuarie-4 martie 1918), acesta detinand insa, pe intreaga perioada, si interimatul ministerului de externe (27).
In plan intern, la sfarsitul lunii martie 1926 guvernul Bratianu demisioneaza si puterea este preluata de guvernul Averescu, cu Ion Mitilineu * la Externe (7).
However, this kind of organization had a short life, only sixteen months, because of some new decrees and laws adopted in April 1920 by the General Averescu and because of the constitutional revisions in 1923 and 1938.