Averno


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Averno

(ävĕr`nō), anc. Avernus (əvûr`nəs) [Gr.,=without bird], small crater lake, .6 mi (.9 km) wide, Campania, S Italy, between Cuma and Puteoli, near the Tyrrhenian Sea. Its intense sulfuric vapors, caused by volcanic activity (now extinguished), supposedly killed the birds flying over it, hence its name. The ancient Romans, impressed by its vapors and its gloomy aspect, regarded it as the entrance to hell; later the name was used for hell itself. Near the lake its personification, the deus Avernus, was worshiped.
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Averno

a crater lake in Italy, near Naples: in ancient times regarded as an entrance to hell
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Two Swedes, tenor Daniel Johansson and soprano Kerstin Averno, head the cast as Hoffmann and Olympia/Giuletta and both are remarkably good.
Sin duda, las noticias mas interesantes son las que corresponden a lugares que conocio directamente: el Arno, el Vesubio, el lago Averno, la Valchiusa.
Lo encontramos bajo numerosos nombres segun la cultura y la religion; Averno; Baratro; Erebo; Calderas de Pedro Botero etc.