higher educational institutions that train engineers in research, design, and production technology of piloted and unpiloted aircraft, their engines, radio systems, and aviation instrument-making; these institutes also train engineer-economists for the aviation industry. The main specialties of aviation institutes are airplane construction, helicopter construction, aircraft engines, aircraft instrument construction, and aircraft electrical equipment. There were seven aviation institutes in the USSR in 1969: the Sergo Ordzhonikidze Moscow Institute and Kharkov Institute (both founded in 1930), the Kazan and Sergo Ordzhonikidze Ufa institutes (founded 1932), the Moscow Technological Institute (founded 1940), the Kuibyshev Institute (founded 1942), and the Leningrad Institute of Aircraft Instrument Construction (founded 1945). The Moscow, Kazan, Kuibyshev, Leningrad, and Ufa Aviation institutes have regular, evening, and correspondence departments, and the Moscow Technological and Kharkov institutes have evening departments. All the aviation institutes have postgraduate courses and all confer postgraduate degrees; the Moscow and Kazan institutes also confer doctorates. The length of study in the aviation institutes is five or six years. Students graduate with such specialties as mechanical engineer, technological engineer, radio engineer, and engineer-economist.
I. I. LEBEDEV