Luna, Pedro de

(redirected from Avignon Pope Benedict XIII)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Luna, Pedro de

Luna, Pedro de (pāˈᵺrō) (dā lo͞oˈnä), 1328?–1423?, Aragonese churchman, antipope (1394–1417) with the name Benedict XIII. He was a doctor of canon law and as cardinal (1375) became an outstanding member of the Curia Romana. He supported the election of Urban VI, but later switched his allegiance to Robert of Geneva, who, as Antipope Clement VII, launched the Great Schism (see Schism, Great). As Robert's legate in Spain, Cardinal de Luna secured the adherence of his country to the Avignon obedience. On Robert's death, the cardinals at Avignon elected Cardinal de Luna, having first elicited his promise to abdicate should that be necessary to bring an end to the schism. As Benedict XIII, the new antipope proved himself the most able of all of the popes and antipopes of the period. He showed himself unwilling, however, to negotiate an end to the schism. His outright refusal to abdicate at the Council of Pisa (see Pisa, Council of) only made matters worse, and Benedict lost all his obedience but Scotland, Sicily, Castile, and Aragón. The Council of Constance (see Constance, Council of) moved Benedict to even greater intransigence. The council deposed him in 1417. Benedict, forsaken by all but his household, lived on in his fortress at Peñiscola (near Valencia), claiming to be the rightful pope until his death.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1415, Pope Gregory XII resigned in an effort to put an end to the so-called 'Western Schism' 6 a complex web of affairs in which two others -- the Avignon Pope Benedict XIII and the Antipope John XXIII 6 also claimed the papacy.
does, however, provide useful details surrounding Clamanges's two periods of self-imposed exile: the first, while secretary to the Avignon Pope Benedict XIII and contemporaneous with the French subtraction of obedience; the second, in the ten years following his 1408 abandonment of Benedict's service and his futile efforts to disclaim responsibility for penning the bull excommunicating Charles VI.