Avram Iancu


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Iancu, Avram

 

Born 1824 in Vidra; died Sept. 10, 1872, in the Western Rumanian Mountains; buried in the village of Tebea. One of the leaders of the Rumanian national movement in Transylvania.

The son of a peasant, Iancu favored the abolition of feudal obligations and the awarding of land to peasants without redemption. He also called for the seizure of estates. During the Revolution of 1848–49 in Hungary, the errors of the Hungarian revolutionary government regarding agrarian and national iss.ues led to a rift between the Rumanian and Hungarian revolutionary forces; in the fall of 1848, Iancu became the leader of a Rumanian uprising against revolutionary Hungary. Iancu’s detachment, which was based in the Carpathian region, offered stubborn resistance to the army of J. Bern. In the summer of 1849, after the revolutionary government’s recognition of the national rights of the Rumanians, Iancu supported the efforts of N. Bălcescu to unify the Hungarian and Rumanian national movements.

In the early 1860’s, Iancu helped found the Transylvanian Association for Rumanian Literature and the Education of the Rumanian People.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Here, Sorin Sipos introduces Silviu Dragomir as a historian of the 1848 Revolution through his posthumous monograph on Avram Iancu. The historian stated that documents of the time were insufficient to revive the 1848 revolutionary turmoil.
In the Western Plain of Romania, in Avram Iancu, Bihor county, on a cambical, gleical phaeosiom, more conventional seepage drainage variants were studied between 1984-1990.
Using the DrenVSubIR software for designing the drain spacing with similar parameters to the ones from the field of Avram Iancu led to the same results indicating around 30 m drain spacing - this means the experimental DrenVSubIR validation.