Campbell, Kim

(redirected from Avril Phaedra Campbell)

Campbell, Kim

(Avril Phaedra Campbell), 1947–, Canadian political leader, prime minister of Canada (1993), b. Port Alberni, British Columbia. A litigation lawyer and originally a member of the Social CreditSocial Credit,
economic plan in Canada, based on the theories of Clifford Hugh Douglas. The central idea is that the problems fundamental to economic depression are those of unequal distribution owing to lack of purchasing power.
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 party, she held (1983–88) appointed and elected provincial positions in British Columbia. After joining the Progressive Conservative partyProgressive Conservative party,
former Canadian political party, formed in 1942 by the merger of the Progressive and Conservative parties. Beginning with the first Canadian prime minister, John A.
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, she was elected (1988) to the Canadian parliament. She served as justice minister and attorney general (1990–93) and defense minister (1993) under Prime Minister Brian MulroneyMulroney, Brian
(Martin Brian Mulroney) , 1939–, Canadian prime minister (1984–93). Raised in Quebec in a working class family, Mulroney was a successful bilingual lawyer who became active in provincial politics in the 1970s.
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. In 1993 she succeeded Mulroney, becoming Canada's first woman prime minister, as well as the first prime minister born and raised in western Canada. Shortly thereafter she and all but two of her party's candidates lost (1993) their seats in the national elections.