Awami League


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Awami League,

political organization in Pakistan and Bangladesh. It was founded in 1949 as an opposition party in Pakistan and had a moderately socialist ideology. The Awami [people's] League, with cofounder Sheikh Mujibur RahmanMujibur Rahman
, 1921–75, East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) political leader, prime minister of Bangladesh (1972–75), popularly known as Sheikh Mujib. Concerned that East Pakistan was unfairly dominated by West Pakistan, he helped found (1949) the Awami League to fight
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 as its leader from 1953, called in 1966 for a federation of East and West Pakistan, an arrangement that would have given much greater autonomy to East Pakistan. The party's candidates won a majority in the 1970 elections, but the central government in West Pakistan banned the League after war between East and West Pakistan erupted in early 1971. When Bangladesh (formerly East Pakistan) won its independence in late 1971, the party was the nation's dominant political force. In 1981 and again in 1991 it was defeated in a popular election by the Bangladesh National party (BNP), but the League won the 1996 parliamentary elections, and party leader Hasina WazedWazed, Hasina
, 1947–, Bangladeshi political leader, grad. Univ. of Dhaka (1973). Popularly known as Sheikh Hasina, she is the daughter of Bangladesh's first prime minister, Mujibur Rahman and a member of the Awami League, which her father cofounded and led.
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, the daughter of Mujibur Rahman, became prime minister. The League lost the 2001 elections to the BNP in a landslide, but in 2008 the party was returned to power in a landslide and Sheikh Hasina again became (2009) prime minister. The 2014 elections, boycotted by the BNP, resulted in an Awami League landslide.

Awami League

 

(Urdu, “People’s League”), a political party in the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Founded in 1949 in Pakistan. It acquired its greatest influence in East Pakistan (East Bengal), where it actively participated in the Bengali national liberation movement. It was banned from 1958 to 1962. In December 1970 it won a brilliant victory in the elections to the National Assembly of Pakistan and the Legislative Assembly of East Pakistan. In March 1971, however, its activities were banned by the Pakistani military regime, and its leader—Sheikh Mujibur Rahman—was arrested. From April to December 1971 the Awami League headed the struggle for national independence in East Bengal. After East Bengal was proclaimed the People’s Republic of Bangladesh in 1971, leaders of the Awami League formed the government of the republic. [1–113–3; updated]

References in periodicals archive ?
Another report from Chittagong adds: Joint General Secretary of Awami League (AL) Mahbubul Alam Hanif today said people should cast their votes for Awami League if they want the rule of honest people in the country.
To preserve its vote bank in Bangladesh since 1971, the Awami League has found it convenient to exploit misguided sentiments of the Bangladeshi people, by alleging the then Pakistani military in East Pakistan for committing atrocities on the people of Bangladesh.
Dhaka [Bangladesh], Jan 4 ( ANI ): The ruling party of Bangladesh Awami League and its political arch-rival Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) will face-off in rallies in the Bangladeshi capital tomorrow.
BNP leaders have criticised Hasina for failing to say that the crackdown against the Rohingya is a genocide, and while calling for imposing sanctions on Myanmar, have chided the Awami League government for its "diplomatic failure" to bring in India and China to help mitigate the crisis.
Out of 147 contested seats, the Awami League gained another 104 seats in the election while the others went to its allies.
The recent mayoral elections showed again that the country lacks a coordinated opposition to the Awami League party, under the leadership of Shaikh Hasina.
Tension has been prevailing across Bangladesh due to the political anarchy and confrontation centering on the counter programmes declared by Awami League and BNP.
Phani Majumder was elected to the Provincial Assembly (MPA) in 1954 on United Front ticket and 1970 on Awami League ticket.
Under the Awami League government, which was elected with a huge majority in December 2008, and whose secular-socialist traditions are rooted in the Bengali national movement (which led to independence from Pakistan in 1971), Bangladesh had enjoyed relative stability and rapid economic growth.
Sheikh Hasina, currently Prime Minister and leader of the left-leaning, secular Awami League, is the daughter of the country's "founding father," Mujibur Rahman, who was murdered in 1975 together with almost all his family by rebel army officers.
The Jamt-e-Islami, the BNP's usual election ally, went even further and began to make violent attacks (mostly beatings and fire-bombs) against both Awami League rallies and election officials.
With national elections scheduled in January 2014, Begum Khaleda had demanded that they take place under the aegis of a caretaker government, and not the incumbent Awami League dispensation headed by her great rival.