The axial skeleton
alone was involved in 13 (40.6%) patients; 2 (6.25%) had peripheral joint arthritis at disease onset, and rest of the patients had peripheral as well as axial joint involvement (Fig.2).
First, despite the fragmentary nature of both holotypes there are a considerable number of differential characters within the overlapping material (mainly in the axial skeleton
Prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer and the sixth leading cause of cancer death among men worldwide.[sup.1] It commonly spreads to regional lymph nodes via lymphatic vessels, direct invasion to pelvic organs or systemically to the axial skeleton
.[sup.3] In an autopsy study, Disibio and colleagues[sup.4] found that the 5 most common metastatic targets for prostate cancer included regional lymph nodes (26.2%), bone (19.7%), distant lymph nodes (18.4%), lung (12.8%), and liver (7.8%).
The human skeleton is composed of 206 bones and is divided into the axial skeleton
that includes the skull, hyoid, sternum, ribs and vertebrae and the peripheral skeleton that includes the bones of the limps and the pelvis.
(2) Sclerotic bone lesions in tuberous sclerosis are frequently seen in the axial skeleton
especially calvarias and spine, are at times distributed focally and have irregular borders and variable size.
The sacroiliac (SI) joint is actually a pair of special joints located between the lumbar sacral spine and the hip joints, which are critical in weight transfer from the axial skeleton
to the lower limbs.
Based on site of origin, eighty two percent of these tumors involved appendicular portion of skeleton and 18% involved axial skeleton
. Overall the sites of highest incidence were distal radius and proximal humerus.
After-hour acute trauma radiograph reporting n Population, N 254 Age (years), median (IQR) 30.0 (17.0-44.0) Adults 190 Male 157 Children 64 Examination (radiogaphs), N 369 Appendicular skeleton 253 Axial skeleton
116 Radiographer Experienced 206 Inexperienced 163 Fractures reported, N 86 Skull and face 5 Shoulder 2 Clavicle 3 Upper limb 21 Elbow 4 Hand and wrist 14 Pelvis 2 Hip 3 Lower limb 16 Knee 2 Ankle and foot 10 Spine 2 Chest 2 IQR = interquartile range.
The aim of this present study, therefore, is to investigate the skeletal anatomy of the axial skeleton
in the African giant rats thereby advancing the osteological studies of this rodent and to contribute to the information in this field.
Ankylosis of several of the joints causes structural abnormalities of the axial skeleton
. Marked ankylosis is seen at the sacro-iliac joints (Fig.
Bony metastases tend to affect the axial skeleton
preferentially, and presentation with femoral fracture, such as in this case, is rare.
Composed of appendicular and axial skeleton
bones, the pelvis is a transitional body part between the lower extremities and the spine.