On the contrary, the Axumite
civilization was shared by the trans-Mareb region.
Yemen had no significant diplomatic relations with the west, and it was situated ecclesiastically and politically between the Axumite
kingdom of Ethiopia and the east Roman emperor in Constantinople.
(112) The city of Axum, where the obelisk was created, was the capital city of the ancient Axumite
kingdom (1st Century AD), and the birthplace of the biblical Queen of Sheba.
Belfiore supplies helpful charts and maps, a rich array of indices and a bibliography, to which we might add, multa inter alia: on the (Ethiopian) Axumite
(16) About a hundred-fifty years after Akiva, Ethiopians and Jews, perhaps including Axumite
Jews from the ancient Ethiopian capital city, Axum, fought side by side in alliance with Queen Zenobia (who ruled the Syrian kingdom of Palmyra, c.
During the 1st Century, Abyssinia had an organized government, led by the Axumite
Empire, established in the northern part of the nation by Ge'ez-speaking Christian people.
The modern ideology of the Ethiopian state evolved from what was once the Axumite
Kingdom of Abyssinia, which Africanized descendants of Arab settlers formed in the first century AD (Michels, 1991).
They tell of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba; the Ark of the Covenant, which is said to rest in Axum; the great Axumite
kingdom and the birth of Christianity; the rise of Islam; and King Lalibela, who is believed to have constructed 11 rock-hewn churches, still standing today and considered the eighth wonder of the world.
It seems more likely that the foundation for the legend lies in the prosperous Axumite
empire in the north of present-day Ethiopia.
It seems that Egyptian, Nabatean, Roman, Greek, Parthian, Phoenician, Himyarite, Axumite
, Hadrami, Swahili, perhaps Meroitic, and even Indonesian cultures and/or empires were all, at one time or another, if not constantly, centrally concerned about their engagement with this region.
Burstein also provides a brief preliminary chapter outlining Kushite and Axumite
history, which discusses the availability of historical sources and the problems encountered in the historiography of these regions, concluding with useful notes on the individual texts and their context, as well as a brief bibliography.