Aylwin Azócar, Patricio

Aylwin Azócar, Patricio

(īl`wĭn äzō`kär), 1918–2016, president of Chile (1990–94). A lawyer and the son of a Chilean supreme court president, Aylwin was a founder of the Christian Democratic party in 1957 and served as a senator (1965–73). He initially supported the military coup that overthrew President AllendeAllende Gossens, Salvador
, 1908–73, president of Chile (1970–73). A physician, he helped found the Chilean Socialist party in 1933, was minister of health (1939–42) and president of the senate (1965–69).
..... Click the link for more information.
 in Sept., 1973, but moved into opposition as Gen. Augusto PinochetPinochet Ugarte, Augusto
, 1915–2006, president and dictator of Chile (1973–90). An army general who served as chief of staff (1972–73) and commander of the army (1973), he led the coup that overthrew socialist president Salvador Allende (Sept., 1973).
..... Click the link for more information.
's dictatorship became increasingly repressive. In 1989, he became the spokesman for the coalition that successfully advocated the rejection of Pinochet's continued rule in a national plebiscite. The referendum led to the reestablishment of a democratic government and Aylwin's election as president. Aylwin strengthened civilian government by confronting Chile's mounting social tensions, gradually reasserting civilian control over the military, and investigating the human-rights abuses of the former military government while preserving Chile's strong economic performance.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/