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Related to Aymaras: Aymará, Aymara ethnic group


(īmärä`), Native South Americans inhabiting the Lake Titicaca basin in Peru and Bolivia. The originators of the great culture represented by the ruins of TiahuanacoTiahuanaco
, ancient native ruin, W Bolivia, 34 mi (55 km) S of Lake Titicaca on the Tiahuanaco R. in the S central Andes, near the Peruvian border; also called Tiwanaku or Tiahuanacu.
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 were very likely Aymara speakers. Although subjugated by the IncaInca
, pre-Columbian empire, W South America. The name Inca may specifically refer to the emperor, but is generally used to mean the empire or the people. Extent and Organization of the Empire
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 in the 15th cent. after a long struggle, the Aymara continue to dominate the region, with a population of over 2 million in the mid-1990s. The Aymara languages make up a separate unit; they are spoken in Peru and Bolivia in the Titicaca region. The Aymara, conquered (1538) by Hernando and Gonzalo Pizarro, retained their pastoral and agricultural culture. In general, social organization was, and still is, based on the patrilineal family unit. Contemporary Aymara and the related Quechua peasant culture is a blend of aboriginal, Spanish colonial, and modern elements.


See H. Osborne, Indians of the Andes, Aymaras and Quechuas (1952); J. Steward, ed., Handbook of South American Indians, Vol. II (1963); H. and J.-M. Buechler, The Bolivian Aymara (1971); A. L. Kolata, Valley of the Spirits (1996).



an Indian tribe of South America. The majority of the Aymara live around Lake Titicaca and on the Bolivian altiplano in the southern section of the department of Puno (in Peru) and in the departments of La Paz and Oruro (in Bolivia). The Aymara language is spoken by about 1.3 million people (1964). The ancestors of the Aymara were the innovators of the Tiahuanaco culture. After the Spanish Conquest (16th century) the Aymara, despite severe oppression and discrimination, preserved their language and, to a considerable degree, their culture. The traditional structure of the community headed by an elder was retained in a number of areas. Their religion is Catholicism, although there are considerable vestiges of pre-Christian religious beliefs.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.


References in periodicals archive ?
Years ago, I had the privilege of living among the Aymara people of Peru.
The feast of Pentecost brought the Aymara people to my mind.
Aymara Pentecostals (the religious experience that I am most familiar with) are struggling together against the world and sin, and resisting the temptations that could lead to loss of salvation, which is expressed as a loss of the feeling of security, the loss of the meaning of life, community, or of one's own wellbeing (i.
This is the case for many thousands of migrated Aymaras.
This notion is a strong one in Aymara discourse, and it undoubtedly contributed to the ambivalent views held by many Aymaras on Cardenas's successful career (Albro 2010b).
The mission had already begun reaching out to indigenous groups several years ago when it hired an Aymara advisor for the economic and political section and a fluent Aymara speaker to monitor and translate radio programs in rural communities for the public affairs section.
USAID developed an inclusion initiative in 2005 designed to diversify its workforce, launched an indigenous internship program, provided Aymara language training for staff and expanded public outreach to activities with indigenous communities.
Aymara and Quechua, who make up the majority of the inhabitants, intensively farm an anthropogenic landscape inherited from the prehispanic inhabitants.
If we accept that the environment of Lake Titicaca is characterized by disequilibria, instability and chaotic fluctuation, how do the Quechua and Aymara inhabitants past and present confront and thrive in climatic mayhem?
His paintings are more than a passive representation of the lifestyle and culture of the Aymara Indians of the Bolivian altiplano.
In the days before the beginning of Lent, Aymara farmers in the Peruvian Altiplano go out into their fields armed with quinces and confetti.
The reed vessel is based on the centuries-old, boat-building technology of the Aymaras living near Titicaca Lake on the Peruvian-Bolivian border.