Ayodhya


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Ayodhya

(əyōd`yə) or

Ajodhya

(əjōd`yə), former town, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Ghaghara River. It is a joint municipality with FaizabadFaizabad
or Fyzabad
, town (1991 pop. 176,922), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Ghaghara River. It is a joint municipality with Ayodhya. A district administrative center and market town, Faizabad trades in local produce and has sugar refineries.
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. Ayodhya was the capital of the kingdom of Kosala (7th cent. B.C.). Long associated with Hindu legend of Rama and his father Dasharatha (see RamayanaRamayana
[story of Rama], classical Sanskrit epic of India, probably composed in the 3d cent. B.C. Based on numerous legends, it is traditionally the work of Valmiki, one of the minor characters.
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), the town is a center of pilgrimage and is one of the seven sites sacred to Hindus. In the late 1980s it became a focus of Muslim-Hindu tensions, and in 1992 fundamentalist Hindus pulled down the 16th-century Babri mosque that they alleged stood on the site of Rama's birthplace. In 2003 the Archaeological Survey of India reported that remains of a structure with features like those of Hindu temple were underneath the mosque. A 2009 report on the razing by former Indian Supreme Court Justice M. S. Liberhan accused many prominent Hindu nationalists of planning, supporting, or failing to prevent the attack, and named A. B. VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
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 and other Bharatiya Janata partyBharatiya Janata party
[Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to
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 (BJP) leaders as being among those who were in some way culpable. The site of the razed mosque has long been a source of contention; a lawsuit over ownership of the site that dated to 1950 was decided only in 2010. The decision divided the land between Hindus and Muslims, but parties on both sides announced plans for appeals, and in 2011 the supreme court suspended the ruling. In 2017 the supreme court ordered that Lal Krishna AdvaniAdvani, Lal Krishna,
1927–, Indian political leader, b. Karachi, British India (now in Pakistan). A lawyer and a member of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he was the party's president several times (1986–90, 1992–98, 2004–5).
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 and several other BJP leaders be tried for their alleged role in the razing of the mosque. Ayodhya was formerly called Oudh.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ayodhya (Uttar Pradesh) [India] March 13 ( ANI ): A member of the Babri Masjid Action Committee on Tuesday said spiritual guru Sri Sri Ravi Shankar's initiative for an out of court settlement of Ayodhya dispute is certainly good.
For the welfare of the Hindu society and for the universal welfare of the world, let the Ram temple be built at Ram Janbhoomi in Ayodhya.
During the coverage in Ayodhya, the reporters met a man named Hazari Lal, who has been living in Ayodhya since 1992.
Ayodhya (Uttar Pradesh): One woman died and over a dozen others were injured on Wednesday in two incidents of stampede in Ayodhya as lakhs of pilgrims thronged the city to take a dip in the Saryu on the occasion of Ram Navami.
Two dozen CCTV cameras have also been installed across the Ayodhya city.
The religious movement in the communally sensitive city of Ayodhya in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh gathers significance as the VHP is making efforts to revive Ram Janmabhoomi issue and the cause of the Ram Temple in the city.
The Gujarat Chief Minister's office on Tuesday denied media reports about Narendra Modi's plan to visit Ayodhya.
El veredicto de Ayodhya solo es comprensible si se tiene en cuenta la interesante alternativa que el pluralismo legal del Estado indio plantea respecto al funcionamiento de la democracia y su relacion con nociones establecidas de la modernidad, el Estado y la nacion.
The leaders, who met at Kar Sevakpuram in Ayodhya under the auspices of Sant Uchadhikar Samiti, decided to approach the apex court on the division of the disputed land among Hindus and Muslims.
21 -- The biggest worry around the September 24 Ayodhya verdict remains violence.
Summary: Inquiries into Iraq and Ayodhya serve no purpose except rake old, festering wounds, if they don't lead to action
The five tried to storm the highly fortified Hindu Ram Janmabhoomi temple complex in Ayodhya after blowing part of the wall with grenades, the private NDTV 24x7 reported.