Ayodhya


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Ayodhya

(əyōd`yə) or

Ajodhya

(əjōd`yə), town, Uttar Pradesh state, N India, on the Ghaghara River. It forms a municipal corporation with FaizabadFaizabad
or Fyzabad
, city (1991 pop. 176,922), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Ghaghara River. It forms a municipal corporation with Ayodhya. A district administrative center and market city, Faizabad trades in local produce and has sugar refineries.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Ayodhya was the capital of the kingdom of Kosala (7th cent. B.C.). Long associated with Hindu legend of Rama and his father Dasharatha (see RamayanaRamayana
[story of Rama], classical Sanskrit epic of India, probably composed in the 3d cent. B.C. Based on numerous legends, it is traditionally the work of Valmiki, one of the minor characters.
..... Click the link for more information.
), the town is a center of pilgrimage and is one of the seven sites sacred to Hindus. In the late 1980s it became a focus of Muslim-Hindu tensions, and in 1992 fundamentalist Hindus pulled down the 16th-century Babri mosque that they alleged stood on the site of Rama's birthplace. In 2003 the Archaeological Survey of India reported that remains of a structure with features like those of Hindu temple were underneath the mosque. A 2009 report on the razing by former Indian Supreme Court Justice M. S. Liberhan accused many prominent Hindu nationalists of planning, supporting, or failing to prevent the attack, and named A. B. VajpayeeVajpayee, Atal Bihari
, 1926–2018, Indian politician, prime minister of India (1996, 1998–2004). He began his career as a journalist, entering politics as an unsuccessful parliamentary candidate in 1950.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and other Bharatiya Janata partyBharatiya Janata party
[Hindi,=Indian People's party] (BJP), Indian political party that espouses Hindu nationalism. The BJP draws its Hindu nationalist creed from the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS; National Self-Service Organization), a group founded in 1925 in opposition to
..... Click the link for more information.
 (BJP) leaders as being among those who were in some way culpable. The site of the razed mosque has long been a source of contention; a lawsuit over ownership of the site that dated to 1950 was decided only in 2010. The decision divided the land between Hindus and Muslims, but parties on both sides announced plans for appeals, and in 2011 the supreme court suspended the ruling. In 2017 the supreme court ordered that Lal Krishna AdvaniAdvani, Lal Krishna,
1927–, Indian political leader, b. Karachi, British India (now in Pakistan). A lawyer and a member of the Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), he was the party's president several times (1986–90, 1992–98, 2004–5).
..... Click the link for more information.
 and several other BJP leaders be tried for their alleged role in the razing of the mosque. Building a temple on the site has been a rallying issue for Hindu nationalist parties. Ayodhya was formerly called Oudh.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thakur, who is known for making controversial statements, said, "Ram Mandir will be built in Ayodhya, the same way Article 370 was removed from Jammu and Kashmir.
Everyone wants that the construction work of the Ram temple in Ayodhya must begin at the earliest," he averred.
eIu Quraishi doesneIUt know the abceI[logical not] of Ayodhya, Babri Masjid, Ram Janmbhoomi or Lord Ram.
The religious movement in the communally sensitive city of Ayodhya in the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh gathers significance as the VHP is making efforts to revive Ram Janmabhoomi issue and the cause of the Ram Temple in the city.
The Gujarat Chief Minister's office on Tuesday denied media reports about Narendra Modi's plan to visit Ayodhya.
The High Court ruled by a majority verdict that the disputed land in Ayodhya be divided equally into three parts among Hindus and Muslims and that the place where the makeshift temple of Lord Ram exists belongs to Hindus.
The lack of archaeological evidence calls into question Hindu nationalists' claims that the mosque in the town of Ayodhya stands on a sacred Hindu site marking the birthplace of the god Ram.
The first time I visited the controversial temple-mosque site in the pilgrimage town of Ayodhya was in 1987, during my freshman year in college.
The Hindu passengers were returning from attending a ceremony at Ayodhya. Vishwa Hindu Parishad has vowed to begin construction of the Hindu temple in Ayodhya by March 15.
It was amazing to see seasoned vandals of Ayodhya crying holy horror at their kin's exploits!
In recent years, Hindu nationalists have been pressing for the right to build a temple on the ruins of the mosque, located in the city of Ayodhya.
Summary: Ayodhya (Uttar Pradesh) [India] Aug 24 (ANI): Ayodhya a city that holds great religious significance in the Hindu mythology for being the birthplace of Lord Ram, celebrated the birthday of Krishna with religious fervour.