Ayrshire cattle

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Ayrshire cattle

Ayrshire cattle (rˈshēr, –shər), breed of dairy cattle originated in Scotland in the late 18th cent.; introduced into the United States in 1837. They are medium-sized and white mixed with red or brown in color. Ayrshires are excellent grazers and good, consistent milk producers. Ayrshires were formerly used as dual-purpose dairy and meat producers. Their importance as a breed has declined, especially in favor of the Holstein Friesian, but Ayrshires remain popular in North America, Britain, Australia, New Zealand, and parts of Europe and South America.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ayrshire Cattle


a dairy breed developed in the 18th century within the County of Ayr (Ayrshire), Scotland, by improving the indigenous stock through crossing with the Dutch Holstein and Shorthorn breeds. The animals are short and well formed, with strong frames and deep broad chests. They are spotted red in color. The bulls weigh between 650 and 750 kg, the cows between 450 and 500 kg. Milk yields are between 3,500 and 4,000 kg, with records of more than 10,000 kg. The milk fat content is around 4 percent. Ayrshire cattle are widely found in the United States, Canada, Australia, and Finland. They began to be imported into Russia in the 19th century but were not widely found. They were imported into the USSR from Finland in the 1960’s. They are raised on a number of farms in Novgorod, Moscow, Leningrad, and Kursk oblasts, as well as the Karelian ASSR.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nick bought his first Ayrshire cattle 18 months ago and he has been won over by their couthie nature, robust stature and the all-important gold top factor.
Dr Korir had already identified the required eight heifers on a farm in Nairobi that raises pedigree Ayrshires.The farm had about 300 well-looked-after high-yielding Ayrshire cattle.
Genetic parameters for the persistency of milk yield in the Finnish Ayrshire cattle. J.
It manufactures award-winning luxury dairy ice cream, sorbets, frozen yoghurt and desserts, produced from the farm's own herd of prize-winning Ayrshire cattle.
Mr Huws, a highly-respected Ayrshire cattle judge, travels the length and breadth of the country, and in Europe, representing the dairy industry, in the hope of acquiring better conditions and prices for farmers.
The event will be officially opened by Farm Minister George Eustice and will feature the Ayrshire Cattle Society's world executive meeting with delegates travelling from as far afield as Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Kenya, Scandinavia, Canada and the USA.
As well as 100 Holsteins, he has 25 pedigree Brown Swiss and Ayrshire cattle. The 2,500 litres of milk produced daily are used for cheese production by Glanbia and at his cousin's Italian restaurant La Calabria for their home-made ice cream.
What do Sewin sea trout, Norfolk black turkeys and Ayrshire cattle have in common?
The Anglesey dairy farmer is showing his Ayrshire cattle at Llanelwedd and, despite failing to pick up any cards, he was in good spirits.
"We have also had a good entry of Ayrshire cattle, albeit with a disappointing absence of Friesians.
Nick and Pam have been making the cheese for the last five years on their 65-acre farm, overlooking Findhorn Bay in Moray, which has a unique subscription farming scheme where people buy shares in their Ayrshire cattle herd.