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(äyo͞otī`ə), or

Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya

(prä näkôn` sē), city (1990 pop. 61,185), capital of Ayutthaya prov., S central Thailand, on the Chao Phraya River. It is the trade center for a prosperous rice-growing region. Ayutthaya was the capital of a Thai kingdom founded c.1350 and was located on the site of a Khmer settlement. Destroyed by the Burmese in 1559, it was rebuilt by the Siamese in the late 16th cent. but was again devastated by the Burmese in 1767, after which the capital was moved to Thon Buri and then to Bangkok. Ayutthaya has some of the few monuments of early Siamese civilization, notably the royal palace (16th cent.) and numerous temples and pagodas.



(official name, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya), a city in Thailand. Administrative center of the province of Ayutthaya. Located at the confluence of the Pa Sak River and one of the branches of the Menam Chao Phraya River on an island intersected by canals. Population, 36,000 (1965).

Ayutthaya is a shipping station on a railroad main line and on water routes. It is a commercial center for the rice-growing region of the Menam Valley. Ayutthaya has rice polishing, distilling, and fish and vegetable canning enterprises. There are artistic handicrafts (colorful fans and niello) and fishing. In Ayutthaya there are annual traditional boat races.

The city was founded in 1350 as the capital of the state of Ayutthaya, which included most of Thailand and part of modern Burma, Malaysia, and Cambodia. During the 16th and 17th centuries Ayutthaya was the most important center for trade between India and the Far East. Trade declined in the 18th century as a result of competition from the Dutch East India Company. The city was destroyed in 1767 by the Burmese and rebuilt in the 19th century.

The city’s 14th- through 18th-century ruins include foundations of palaces and remains of temple compounds with bell-like stupas (phra chedi) crowned with high spires, tower-like sanctuaries (phra prang) richly decorated with carving, and assembly halls. The temple ruins include Wat Phra Ram, Wat Lokayasudha with a stone statue of a sleeping Buddha, and Wat Radjaphurana (1424), with fragments of paintings.


The Arts of Thailand. Bloomington, 1960.


a city in S Thailand, on the Chao Phraya River: capital of the country until 1767; noted for its canals and ruins. Pop.: 61 185 (1990)
References in periodicals archive ?
Chiruit Isarangkun Na Ayuthaya, Vice President, Administration and Strategic Support of the Thailand Convention & Exhibition Bureau (TCEB) said, "ProPak Asia is recognised as Asia's most significant trade fair for the processing and packaging technology industries.
He said the coup-makers arrested Deputy Prime Minister Chitchai Wannasathit and Defence Minister Thammarak Isaragura na Ayuthaya - who are close and loyal to Thaksin - and that Chitchai agreed to resign.
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Replacing 50 Thai in Tarzana, Thai Ayuthaya, run by the Pornprasert family, has spruced up the place and introduced a colorful menu of overlapping, illustrated pages featuring photos of many of the dishes listed.
If you can pull yourself away from the perfect powder white sands and crystal clear water, head back north to see crumbling ruins in the ancient capital of Ayuthaya, Kanchanaburi and the infamous bridge over the River Kwai and capital of the north, Chaing Mai.
The early Thai kingdom of Sukhothai, in the northern part of the Central Plain of Thailand, rose to power in the 13th century AD and lasted until about the middle of the 14th century when the capital transferred to Ayuthaya in the southern Central Plain (Bruneau 1973; Charoenwongsa & Diskul 1978; Gosling 1991; Vickery 1991).
has around 900 employees and is headquartered in Bangkok with manufacturing of AXE in Ayuthaya, north of Bangkok.
The joint venture with Thai Dairy Industries, which will become operational on 26 January 2006, will involve the production of fresh and long-life consumer dairy products in the production facilities of Thai Dairy Industries in Ayuthaya.
An easy day trip from either Bangkok or Kanchanaburi is Ayuthaya, the capital of Thailand until it was destroyed by the Burmese in the 1700s.
The tribunal named the two senior members as Thammarak Isarangura na Ayuthaya, formerly an army general who was a defense minister under Thaksin's administration, and Pongsak Raktapongpaisal, a former transport minister.