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see AyutthayaAyutthaya
, or Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya
, city (1990 pop. 61,185), capital of Ayutthaya prov., S central Thailand, on the Chao Phraya River. It is the trade center for a prosperous rice-growing region. Ayutthaya was the capital of a Thai kingdom founded c.
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, Thailand.
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The tiny French force had sailed in secret all the way from its base in Cochin China and, on the morning of January 17th, the French ravaged the Thai ships, sinking the Dhonburi, forcing the Ayuthia to run aground, and sinking all three destroyers.
Srisak is an archaeologist and a specialist in pre-history who "has persistently argued for a history of Sukhothai before the Sukhothai kingdom, of Ayuthia before the Ayuthian kingdom, that is to say, the past of the areas which now make up the geo-body of Thailand before they became part of 'proper' Thai history".
(15.) Sujit Wongthes, "Tonthi Krung Siayuuhaya Krung Sukhorhai yang mai tai" [In the Ayuthia period, Sukhothai was not yet dead], SW 1,1 (1979): 8-15.
Became King of Ayuthia (Siam) in 1491; received the first Portuguese envoy to his country, Duarte Fernandez, and signed a treaty with him, granting the Portuguese commercial rights in Siamese ports (1511); from 1520 he was involved in a long war with the smaller Thai kingdom of Chiengmai, and at first he was unable to gain the initiative despite his superior resources; after launching several punitive expeditions, which achieved little, Rama T'ibodi reorganized his military forces, instituting compulsory military service and regional military areas; thus strengthened, he led his army to victory over the Chiengmai forces at the battle of the Mewang River, near Lampang, and drove the Chiengmai from Sukhothai (c.
non-Tai, not subgroups within Tai), new hierarchies of power (with Ayuthia at the top), more complex social organization (many new titles, etc.), and a dominant Theravada Buddhist belief system.
Principal wars: war with Ayuthia (Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya) (1558); war with Bayinnaung of Burma (1564-1575).
Birth date unknown, but he became King of Laos in 1547; he inherited a dispute with the neighboring Tai states of Ayuthia and Chiengmai (Chiang Mai); he invaded Ayuthia, then held by the Burmese monarch Bayinnaung (1558), but his attack was driven off; having thus incurred the enmity of Bayinnaung, Sett'at'irat spent most of the rest of his reign in fighting the Burmese; although the Burmese invaded Laos and swiftly overran the country (1562), the Laotians conducted a determined guerrilla campaign and liberated their country (1563); warfare with the Burmese dragged on past Sett'at'irat's death (1571), continuing until the Burmese at last conquered Laos (1574-1575).
From the beginning of the seventeenth century and long before famous embassies were sent to France in 1684 and 1686,(6) the court of Ayuthia sent a mission to the Netherlands (in 1608), one to Aceh (in 1613),(7) three to Japan (in 1621, 1623 and 1629) and a last one to Manila (in 1636).
The Luang Prasert Chronicle from Ayuthia provides a useful (because rare) example, when it says that Burma declared CS (the era in common use: chulasakarat or sakamat in Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia; thetkaint in Burma) 732 (1370 AD) would not have an extra month, would not be adhikamasa -- "but it was in Ayuthia".