Ayyubid

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Ayyubid

 

a dynasty in the Middle East, founded in Egypt in 1171 by Salah-al-Din (Saladin) after the fall of the Fatimids.

The dynasty is named after Ayyuba ibn-Shadi, father of Salah-al-Din. Different branches of the Ayyubids ruled during the 12th and 13th centuries in Egypt, Syria (Damascus, Halab, now Aleppo, and Homs), Mesopotamia, and South Arabia. The Egyptian Ayyubids were the chief organizers of the struggle with the crusaders. The growth of political and military influence of the Mamelukes and dynastic squabbles weakened the Ayyubids; their main, Egyptian line fell in 1250 as the result of a Mameluke conspiracy.

N. A. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Saladin was a Kurd from Iraq's Tikrit, who went on to establish the Ayyubid dynasty in Damascus.
She was the wife of Al-Salih Najm al-Din Ayyub, Egypt's sultan during the Ayyubid dynasty, and later Izz al-Din Aybak.
Constructed in 572, according to the Islamic calendar, by the first Sultan of the Ayyubid dynasty, Salah el-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub, the well was built to provide the citadel with water during military sieges.
It's the same manuscript that also uniquely preserves pious blessings on the Ayyubid sultans, and of course the Ayyubid dynasty comes to an end about eight years after this book was written.
Saladin founded the Ayyubid dynasty and became the first "sultan of Egypt and Syria.
In the 12th century, the Ayyubid dynasty work shows a progression.
Later on the Ayyubid dynasty was defeated by the Mamluks (1250-1517).
explores these events as a window into the forces that shaped Coptic communal identity under the Ayyubid dynasty.
While the Mufarrij has been described as a panegyric to the Ayyubid dynasty, Hirschler suggests that this is a simplistic reading; rather, Ibn Wasil was embedded in the establishment, and his chronicle reflects the view of an establishment figure.
King Fulk of Jerusalem was also surrounded by Muslim forces in the city, which fell under the rule of the Ayyubid dynasty and became part of Hama.
The Mamluks' opportunity to overthrow their masters came at the end of the 1240s, a time when the Kurdish Ayyubid dynasty, set up by Saladin in the 1170s, had reached a modus vivendi with the Crusader states; skirmishing, rather than outright war, was the order of the day in Syria and the Holy Land.
4) Yet those who succeeded Saladin at the helm of the Ayyubid dynasty he founded considered Egypt much more important than Palestine and had few compunctions about making strategic deals with the Crusaders that involved, once again, surrendering Jerusalem.