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a dynasty in the Middle East, founded in Egypt in 1171 by Salah-al-Din (Saladin) after the fall of the Fatimids.

The dynasty is named after Ayyuba ibn-Shadi, father of Salah-al-Din. Different branches of the Ayyubids ruled during the 12th and 13th centuries in Egypt, Syria (Damascus, Halab, now Aleppo, and Homs), Mesopotamia, and South Arabia. The Egyptian Ayyubids were the chief organizers of the struggle with the crusaders. The growth of political and military influence of the Mamelukes and dynastic squabbles weakened the Ayyubids; their main, Egyptian line fell in 1250 as the result of a Mameluke conspiracy.


References in periodicals archive ?
explores these events as a window into the forces that shaped Coptic communal identity under the Ayyubid dynasty.
Later on the Ayyubid dynasty was defeated by the Mamluks (1250-1517).
In the 12th century, the Ayyubid dynasty work shows a progression.
Bab Al-Shreyah is a historic Cairo neighbourhood dating back to the Ayyubid dynasty of Saladin.
King Fulk of Jerusalem was also surrounded by Muslim forces in the city, which fell under the rule of the Ayyubid dynasty and became part of Hama.
While the Mufarrij has been described as a panegyric to the Ayyubid dynasty, Hirschler suggests that this is a simplistic reading; rather, Ibn Wasil was embedded in the establishment, and his chronicle reflects the view of an establishment figure.
Saladin founded the Ayyubid dynasty and became the first "sultan of Egypt and Syria.
1171-1250 Ayyubid dynasty rulers of Syria, Egypt and Yemen.
4) Yet those who succeeded Saladin at the helm of the Ayyubid dynasty he founded considered Egypt much more important than Palestine and had few compunctions about making strategic deals with the Crusaders that involved, once again, surrendering Jerusalem.