Mark Azadovskii

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Azadovskii, Mark Konstantinovich


Born Dec. 6 (18), 1888, in Irkutsk; died Nov. 24, 1954, in Leningrad. Soviet Russian folklorist, literary scholar, and ethnographer.

Azadovskii graduated from the department of history and philology of the University of St. Petersburg in 1913. He taught at Tomsk, Irkutsk, and Leningrad universities. He wrote works on folk tales, laments (1922), the Decembrist writers, and the connection between literature and folklore. The summation of Azadovskii’s scholarly activity was his major work, A History of Russian Folklore Studies (vols. 1–2, 1958–63).


Lenskie prichitaniia. Chita, 1922.
Verkhnelenskie skazki. Irkutsk, 1938.
Russkaia skazka, vols. 1–2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1932.
Literatura i fol’klor. Leningrad, 1938.
“Zateriannye i utrachennye proizvedeniia dekabristov.” In Literaturnoe nasledstvo, vol. 59, book 1. Moscow, 1954.
Stat’i o literature i fol’klore. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.


Zhirmunskii, V. M. “M. K. Azadovskii,” Introduction to Azadovskii, M. K. Istoriia russkoi fol’kloristiki, vol. 1. Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Azadovskii (Moscow-Leningrad: Academia, 1934); "Pis'ma P.
Azadovskii, ed., Russkaia skazka: Izbrannye mastera (Leningrad: Academia, 1932), 388-89.
(61) Konstantin Azadovskii and Boris Egorov, "From Anti-Westernism to Anti-Semitism," Journal of Cold War Studies 4, 1 (2002): 66-80.
Planned publications at the end of the 1920s included a collection on Contemporary West-European Literary-Aesthetic Theories, with chapters on Cassirer, Walzel and others to be written by, among others, Frank-Kamenetskii, Freidenberg, Voloshinov, Mark Azadovskii and Aleksandr Kholodovich.
(1.) A detailed treatment of nineteenth-century populism and views of the narod can be found in Franco Venturi's Roots of Revolution; folklore collecting and its relations to literature are extensively covered by Pypin and Mark Azadovskii.
(9.) For a discussion of the impact of Herder's ideas in Russia, see Mark Azadovskii (I: 111-23).
Azadovskii, ed., Vospominaniia Bestuzhevykh (Moscow: Akademiia nauk SSSR, 1951), 597; Nikolai Grech, Zapiski moei zhizni (Moscow: Zakharov, 2002), 329-35.
(61) O'Meara, Ryleev, 111, 13742; Azadovskii, ed., Vaspominaniia Bestuzhevykh, 605-6; Petrov, Rossiia i Nikolai I, 68 and n.
(19) Pelevin's character, the powerful oligarch Azadovskii, describes the exhibition as "monetaris tic minimalism" (Victor Pelevin, Babylon [London: Faber and Faber, 2000], 131-33).
Among the remaining essays, the present reviewer found most interesting those on the Silver Age (on the city's image in its poetry by Konstantin Azadovskii and on Petersburg University by Catherine Depretto), Svetlana Boym's interpretive essay of Petersburg in ruins in the poetry of Viktor Shklovskii and Osip Mandel'shtam, and three essays comparing Petersburg with other European cities: Paris (Jean-Claude Marcade), Vienna (Efim Etkind), and Berlin (Karl Schlogel).