Azande


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Azande

 

(also Sande, Bazenda, Nyam-Nyam; self-designation, a-Zande), a people inhabiting the area between the Wele and Bomu rivers in the Congo (capital Kinshasa) and adjacent districts of the Central African Republic and Sudan. The total population was estimated at about 1.6 million in 1967. The Azande speak the Zande language. Traditional beliefs, such as those of the ancestor cult and the cult of the forces of nature, are maintained. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Azande founded a single league of tribes headed by a paramount chief. They are engaged chiefly in agriculture, producing sorghum, millet, corn, and manioc. Cattle breeding is also practiced. In the late 19th century, the Azande were studied and described by the Russian traveler V. V. Iunker.

REFERENCES

Seligman, C. G. Pagan Tribes of the Nilotic Sudan. London, 1932.
Evans-Pritchard, E. E. Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic Among the Azande. Oxford, 1937.

Azande

 

(or Banda), a plateau in Central Africa, spanning the Central African Republic, the Congo (since 1971, Zaire; capital, Kinshasa), and the Sudan. It is a watershed between the Congo Basin, Lake Chad, and the Nile. The plateau was formed by crystalline and metamorphic Precambrian rocks. Its average height is 600 to 900 m, the highest point in the west being 1,400 m. Savannah-type vegetation with patches of deciduous forests covers the plateau; evergreen fringe forests grow along the rivers. The Azande Plateau is a source of gold and diamonds.

References in periodicals archive ?
A representative of the crown king of the Avongara clan, Azande tribe, Paulino Zizi, said that "the crown king was chosen by his late father before his death in 2005 to replace him as king." Zizi explained that the inaugural occasion recalls the norms, cultures and traditions of the great Azande kingdom which was almost collapsed.
(1937) Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sorcellerie, oracles et magie chez les Azande [1937].
He announced in Morocco that Stanley Okumbi who was the team's stand-in coach at the time, his assistant Frank Ouna and goalkeeper trainer Haggai Azande had been sacked with immediate effect.
The Shilluk and Azande Kingdoms were left with no option but to resist fiercely the deviated Mahdiyya Darvishes in their unethical rule.
Evans--Pritchard; Bruxaria, Oraculos e magia entre os Azande. Rio de Janeiro: Jorge Zahar Ed.
Pritchard (2005), em seus estudos sobre os Azande (3), ao falar das dificuldades de aproximacao com campos de pesquisas com pessoas desconhecidas, recomenda a aproximacao inicial atraves das criancas do grupo.
This distinction between sorcery and witchcraft, first established by Evans-Pritchard (1937) in his study on the Azande, thus fits the situation in the Eastern Highlands Province quite neatly (see also Glick 1973).
Evans-Pritchard's (1937) Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande People of the Upper Nile, is the foremost ethnography on the topic.
New school grants have been provided to the Bangla Language and Cultural School for the establishment of a Bengali Language School and the Zande Association in WA for the establishment of an Azande Language School.
belief system of the Azande (a primitive people in Africa).