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(artificial intelligence)
A famous program by Joseph Weizenbaum, which simulated a Rogerian psychoanalyst by rephrasing many of the patient's statements as questions and posing them to the patient. It worked by simple pattern recognition and substitution of key words into canned phrases. It was so convincing, however, that there are many anecdotes about people becoming very emotionally caught up in dealing with ELIZA. All this was due to people's tendency to attach to words meanings which the computer never put there.

See also ELIZA effect.


Formally Project eLiza, it is an umbrella term from IBM for a variety of self-management features that perform numerous capabilities without human intervention. Self-management includes the ability to optimize and balance workloads based on experience, to dynamically protect against unauthorized access, to recover from failures and to automatically reconfigure itself when necessary. eLiza capabilities vary from one IBM server line to another.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keyes joined more than three hundred southerners who left the country after the war to settle in Brazil; (7) Keyes's diaries and a collection of poetry published after the turn of the century are even more ardent rejections of reunification than Cross's Azile.
Contemple des Francais le Heros bien aime; Non moins tendre que fier, par la gloire enflammee, Le coeur de ce grand homme, ou la vertu respire, Est un azile sur ouvert a l'opprime.