Azores

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Azores

(əzôrz`, ā`zôrz), Port. Açores [Port.,=hawks], islands (1991 pop. 241,592), 905 sq mi (2,344 sq km), and autonomous region of Portugal, in the Atlantic Ocean, c.900 mi (1,448 km) W of mainland Portugal. The nine main islands are São Miguel (the largest) and Santa Maria in the southeast; Terceira, Pico, Faial, São Jorge, and Graciosa in the center; and Flores and Corvo in the northwest. Ponta Delgada is the largest city. The fertile soil yields many crops and supports vineyards. The islands are also a resort area, although there is volcanic activity. The United States maintains a NATO air base in the islands.

The Azores may have been known to the ancients and were included on a map in 1351. Portuguese sailors reached them in 1427 or 1431, but colonization did not begin until 1445 under Diogo de Sevilha or Gonçalo Velho Cabral (who may have been there in 1431). During the colonial period, the Azores were a stopover point for treasure fleets returning from the New World, and many ships were lost there due to hurricanes or pirates. The islands were used as a place of exile and were also the site of naval battles between the English and the Spanish. In the 19th cent. they were used by supporters of Maria II against Dom Miguel. In the 20th cent., there has been a large outmigration to the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Each August Semana dos Baleeiros - a traditional Azorean festival on the island of Pico - highlights the archipelago's whale heritage.
The Old School House, managed by Christine Santos, is a must for anyone who enjoys Portuguese, Brazilian and Azorean styles.
Bateman then realized that this "new" orchid had in fact been illustrated (but never correctly identified as a new species) in the first ever Flora of the islands, published in 1844, but thereafter had consistently been confused with other more frequent Azorean species.
Contribution to the management of the drywood termite Cryptotermes brevis (Walker, 1853) in the Azorean archipelago.
About the Author: In writing The Nation by the River, Gabe journeyed to the Azorean islands to meet with historians and academics; researched New World Crypto-Jews and the Inqusitions that both drove and chased them there; and learned much about the Portuguese Azorean culture of southeast New England.
By comparing the characteristics of the Azorean and the European floras, I will evaluate which, if any, syndrome has been favoured for the colonization of the Azores islands by plants.
The Conjurer & Other Azorean Tales" is a collection of short fiction surrounding the Azorean Islands and the island's certain beauty and majesty, and the wisdom that seems to float about it.
On the way back, stop for local oysters at the old Azorean village of Ribeirao da llha while you watch the sun set.
A survey of total mercury and methylmercury in edible fish and invertebrates from Azorean waters.
lt;< Transnational Practices of Azorean Portuguese Descendants in Quebec >>, in F.
For the RHS show, garden designer Stephen Hall combined rocky "mountains" of black basalt with lush vines and leafy plants such as gunnera, zantedeschia (calla lily), canna, heathers and ferns around a typical Azorean pool with a gentle waterfall to represent the varied landscapes of the nine islands.
Discussing Portuguese-Canadian descendants' identity politics in relation to the notions of being Portuguese, Canadian, Azorean and/or Quebecois.