Azores

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Azores

(əzôrz`, ā`zôrz), Port. Açores [Port.,=hawks], islands (1991 pop. 241,592), 905 sq mi (2,344 sq km), and autonomous region of Portugal, in the Atlantic Ocean, c.900 mi (1,448 km) W of mainland Portugal. The nine main islands are São Miguel (the largest) and Santa Maria in the southeast; Terceira, Pico, Faial, São Jorge, and Graciosa in the center; and Flores and Corvo in the northwest. Ponta Delgada is the largest city. The fertile soil yields many crops and supports vineyards. The islands are also a resort area, although there is volcanic activity. The United States maintains a NATO air base in the islands.

The Azores may have been known to the ancients and were included on a map in 1351. Portuguese sailors reached them in 1427 or 1431, but colonization did not begin until 1445 under Diogo de Sevilha or Gonçalo Velho Cabral (who may have been there in 1431). During the colonial period, the Azores were a stopover point for treasure fleets returning from the New World, and many ships were lost there due to hurricanes or pirates. The islands were used as a place of exile and were also the site of naval battles between the English and the Spanish. In the 19th cent. they were used by supporters of Maria II against Dom Miguel. In the 20th cent., there has been a large outmigration to the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
Additional samples from the Azores Islands (N=8) and Barbados (N=5) collected in 1998 were obtained from the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources; these samples included fin clips or heart tissue stored in a Sarkosyl-urea solution (1% Sarkosyl, 6 M urea, 100 mM Tris at pH 6.
Other name-protected cheeses we tasted included the small, fruity Evora; the mixed milk (goat and sheep) Amarelo da Beira Baixa that had a wonderful milky flavor and a lovely yellow color due to the goat's milk (amarelo means yellow); a clean, hard, nutty cheese called Terrincho Velho that is bound with straw ribbons and has a wheat sheaf tied to the top; the pungent and grassy Serpa; and Sao Jorge, a larger cow's milk cheese from the Azores Islands that is the forebear of our own St.
of Sheffield) examines the theme of emigration in Portuguese literature, taking the Azores Islands as a case study and concentrating mostly on literature produced there since the beginning of the 20th century.
As part of the same contract, the Portuguese Ministry of Defence has included a purchase option of three additional radar systems for the Azores Islands as well as its integration into the command and control network.
AN AIRLINER dived sharply to avoid a mid-air collision with a smaller aircraft near the Azores Islands yesterday, injuring 31 passengers and two crew.
As Portugal's PM, Barroso, supported the US-led invasion, playing host to a prewar summit meeting with the leaders of the US, Britain and Spain in the Azores Islands.
His family came from Portugal's mid-Atlantic Azores Islands three generations ago and established the dairy farm he still runs.
The leaders of the three countries, at an emergency summit Sunday on Portugal's Azores islands, set a one-day deadline for diplomacy to produce a U.
At a joint news conference after the summit Sunday in Portugal's Azores Islands, U.
An Air France flight was forced to make an unscheduled landing in the mid-Atlantic Azores Islands on Friday (3 May) after a disturbance involving an unruly passenger.
The 46-year-old handyman - he looks a little like ESPN personality Chris Berman - grew up in the Azores islands off Portugal, where he climbed the highest cliffs seeking out the young pigeons, or "squabs," and caring for them as his own.