Azores

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Azores

(əzôrz`, ā`zôrz), Port. Açores [Port.,=hawks], islands (1991 pop. 241,592), 905 sq mi (2,344 sq km), and autonomous region of Portugal, in the Atlantic Ocean, c.900 mi (1,448 km) W of mainland Portugal. The nine main islands are São Miguel (the largest) and Santa Maria in the southeast; Terceira, Pico, Faial, São Jorge, and Graciosa in the center; and Flores and Corvo in the northwest. Ponta Delgada is the largest city. The fertile soil yields many crops and supports vineyards. The islands are also a resort area, although there is volcanic activity. The United States maintains a NATO air base in the islands.

The Azores may have been known to the ancients and were included on a map in 1351. Portuguese sailors reached them in 1427 or 1431, but colonization did not begin until 1445 under Diogo de Sevilha or Gonçalo Velho Cabral (who may have been there in 1431). During the colonial period, the Azores were a stopover point for treasure fleets returning from the New World, and many ships were lost there due to hurricanes or pirates. The islands were used as a place of exile and were also the site of naval battles between the English and the Spanish. In the 19th cent. they were used by supporters of Maria II against Dom Miguel. In the 20th cent., there has been a large outmigration to the United States.

References in periodicals archive ?
At the larger scale, comparisons were made from distinct regions within the western central Atlantic: 1) Puerto Rico (northeastern Caribbean Sea); 2) Florida, South Carolina, and North Carolina (southeastern United States); 3) Dominica, Barbados, and Trinidad and Tobago (eastern Caribbean Sea); and 4) the Azores Islands (central North Atlantic).
FAMILIES looking for a change from the usual "fly and flop" holidays should check out the Azores islands.
Veteran sailors Mike and Barbara Arnold, from Devon, and friends David and Angela Johnson, from the Midlands, were hit by a storm in the Atlantic as they sailed home from the Azores islands.
Eurocontrol says trans-Atlantic flights will continue to be diverted northward over Greenland to avoid the cloud stretching from Iceland to the Azores Islands.
In Portugal's Azores islands, a flash flood swept a school bus off a road.The driver and one child are missing on Sao Miguel, one of the archipelago's nine islands.
According to a report in National Geographic News, the microbes were found on the walls of lava tubes in Hawaii, New Mexico, and the Portuguese Azores islands, a volcanic archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean.
A Thomsonfly flight from Cancun in Mexico to Birmingham was forced to divert to Portugal's Azores Islands on Tuesday.
of Sheffield) examines the theme of emigration in Portuguese literature, taking the Azores Islands as a case study and concentrating mostly on literature produced there since the beginning of the 20th century.
Other name-protected cheeses we tasted included the small, fruity Evora; the mixed milk (goat and sheep) Amarelo da Beira Baixa that had a wonderful milky flavor and a lovely yellow color due to the goat's milk (amarelo means yellow); a clean, hard, nutty cheese called Terrincho Velho that is bound with straw ribbons and has a wheat sheaf tied to the top; the pungent and grassy Serpa; and Sao Jorge, a larger cow's milk cheese from the Azores Islands that is the forebear of our own St.
His service placed him patrolling the eastern coastline of the US and later helping to establish an air base on the Azores Islands. He enjoyed hunting and fishing in Maine and had spent several years involved with tournament fly-casting.