Azov


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Azov

(əzôf`), city (1990 est. pop. 82,000), SE European Russia, a port on the Don River delta near the Sea of Azov. It is a rail junction, a light industrial center, and a fishing center. Tourism supplements the economy. Founded as the Greek colony of Tanaïs (3d cent. B.C.), it was a trading center and fortress. It came under Kievan RusKievan Rus
, medieval state of the Eastern Slavs. It was the earliest predecessor of modern Ukraine and Russia. Flourishing from the 10th to the 13th cent., it included nearly all of present-day Ukraine and Belarus and part of NW European Russia, extending as far N as Novgorod
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 in the 10th cent., was taken by the CumansCumans
or Kumans
, nomadic East Turkic people, identified with the Kipchaks (or the western branch of the Kipchaks) and known in Russian as Polovtsi. Coming from NW Asian Russia, they conquered S Russia and Walachia in the 11th cent.
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 in the 11th cent., became a Genoese colony in the 13th cent., and passed to the Turks in 1471. The Don Cossacks held the city (1637–42), but were driven out by the Turks. Peter the Great won the city in 1696 and thus opened southern routes for Russia; he was forced to cede it back to Turkey in 1711. Russia took it again in 1736, but was forced by the Treaty of Belgrade to dismantle the fortress in 1739. Russia secured Azov definitively by the treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji in 1774.

Azov

 

city in Rostov Oblast, RSFSR. A port on the Don River, it is situated 7 km from its confluence with the Taganrog Gulf of the Sea of Azov. It is the last railroad station on a branch of the Rostov-on-Don-Baku line. With a population of 57,000 (1968), Azov has plants for forge and press equipment and automatons and for business equipment. Other industries include shipbuilding (fishing vessels), light industry (stockings, footwear, and clothing factories, and others), food (mainly fish), and construction materials production.

The city has polytechnical and industrial-training technicums and a pedagogical school. There is a museum of history and local lore.

Azov is one of the oldest cities of the Black Sea coastal area. In the tenth and 11th centuries it became part of the Tmutarakan Principality of Kievan Rus’. Around 1067 it was captured by the Polovtsy, who named it Azak. From the 13th century, Azak was the city of the Golden Horde. In 1471, Azov was captured by the Turks and turned into a military fortress. During 1637–42, Azov was held by the Don Cossacks. In 1696, Azov was taken by the troops of Peter I, and in 1711 it was returned to Turkey. It finally merged with Russia by the treaty of Kiuchuk Kainardji of 1774. It was the center of Azov Province from 1775 to 1782; from 1810 it was a settlement of Ekaterinoslav Province. It has been a city since 1926.

REFERENCE

Azov, 900 let. Rostov-on-Don, 1967.

Azov

 

the name of a number of ships of the Russian fleet, the best known of which was the 74–gun sailing ship (designed by naval architect I. A. Kurochkin, launched at Arkhangelsk in 1826, and dismantled in 1831), which distinguished itself under the command of Captain M. P. Lazarev in the battle at Navarino (Oct. 20, 1827). The Azov destroyed five Turkish ships (including the frigate of the commander of the fleet). The Azov received the greatest number of case shot holes and absorbed half of the total Russian loss in life. It was the first ship in the history of the Russian fleet to be awarded the Georgievskii ensign and pennant; Lazarev was made rear admiral. In memory of the Azov there were three ships during the course of the 19th-20th century which bore the name Pamiat’ Azova (Memory of Azov)—two sailing battleships and a cruiser of the first class.

Azov

Sea of. a shallow arm of the Black Sea, to which it is connected by the Kerch Strait: almost entirely landlocked; fed chiefly by the River Don. Area: about 37 500 sq. km (14 500 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The EU imposed travel bans and asset freezes on Russian officials in relation to an incident in the Azov Sea last November, when the Russian navy captured 24 Ukrainian sailors and their vessels in the Kerch Strait, near Crimea.
Coaster freight between Azov and Marmara is anchored at a six-month low, now fixable at $18/mt, according to sources, as Turkey looks away from Russia and to other origins to protect its margins.
If Ukraine doesn't flex its muscles in the Azov, Turchinov told the BBC, Russia might "legitimize the occupation of Crimea".
The document is titled 'Militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine), as well as parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov'.
Moscow had also built up a powerful naval force in the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov, which Russia and Ukraine share, he said.
Russia has seized several Ukrainian navy vessels on Sunday in the Kerch Strait, which links the Sea of Azov and the Black Sea.
Summary: Ukraine's president is urging NATO to deploy warships to the Sea of Azov in a proposal that has been sharply criticized by Russia as a provocation that could worsen tensions between the two countries after a weekend confrontation in the waters off the Crimean Peninsula.
The other three regions border the Black Sea or Sea of Azov close to Crimea.
The Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement that it "called on the UN Security Council to convene an emergency meeting to discuss the status quo." "Moscow has repeatedly warned the regime in Kiev and its sponsors in the West of the danger of spreading the fabricated hysteria around the Azov Sea and the Kerch Strait," she said.
However, the Ukrainian Navy denied wrongdoing and claimed Russia blocked its three vessels from the Sea of Azov, via the Kerch Strait, by placing a huge cargo ship beneath a Russian-controlled bridge.
The incident in the Black Sea reflects rising tensions between Moscow and Kiev around the Sea of Azov which both countries have the right to use.