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Csaba(chŏ'bŏ), city (1991 est. pop. 67,691), SE Hungary. In an agricultural region, Békéscsaba has various processing plants and other light industries. The city is also a road and rail hub. It was founded in the 13th cent. but later destroyed by the Turks. In the 18th cent. Slovak settlers helped restore Békéscsaba, and the city still has a large Slovak population (more than 50%). Landmarks include a 13th-century Roman Catholic church, a Lutheran cathedral (testifying to the city's tradition of Lutheranism), and a museum.
a city in Hungary on a canal of the Körös River. The administrative center of the medje (county) of Békés. Population, 53,000 (1967). An important transport junction. Industry includes a machine-tool plant, textile production, garment-making, and food processing.