Bohemian Forest(redirected from Böhmerwald)
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(in Czech, Český Les; in German, Böhmerwald), mountains in Czechoslovakia and the Federal Republic of Germany, in the southwestern part of the Bohemian Massif. The Bohemian Forest measures 80 km in length and rises to a maximum elevation of 1,042 m at Mt. Čerchow. The mountains, composed chiefly of gneisses, granites, and schists, are flat-topped ridges separated by valleys. The region has glacial lakes, beech and fir-spruce forests, mountain meadows, and peat bogs. Timber is harvested, cattle are grazed, and granite is mined in the area.