biodiesel

(redirected from B100)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical.

biodiesel,

fuel made from natural, renewable sources, such as new and used vegetable oils and animal fats, for use in a diesel enginediesel engine,
type of internal-combustion engine invented by the German engineer Rudolf Diesel and patented by him in 1892. Although his engine was designed to use coal dust as fuel, the diesel engine now burns fuel oil.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Biodiesel has physical properties very similar to petroleum-derived diesel fuel, but its emission properties are superior. Using biodiesel in a conventional diesel engine substantially reduces emissions of unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, sulfates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nitrated polycyclic aromtic hydrocarbons, and particulate matter. Diesel blends containing up to 20% biodiesel can be used in nearly all diesel-powered equipment, and higher-level blends and pure biodiesel can be used in many engines with little or no modification. Lower-level blends are compatible with most storage and distribution equipment, but special handling is required for higher-level blends.

Biodiesel is made from oils or fats, which are hydrocarbons. Fresh soybean oil is most commonly used, although biodiesel can be made from mustard seed oil or waste vegetable oil (such as used oil from restaurant deep fryers). These hydrocarbons are filtered and mixed with an alcohol, such as methanol, and a catalyst (sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide), resulting in a chemical reaction whose major products are the biodiesel fuel and glycerolglycerol,
 glycerin,
 glycerine,
or 1,2,3-propanetriol
, CH2OHCHOHCH2OH, colorless, odorless, sweet-tasting, syrupy liquid. Glycerol is a trihydric alcohol. It melts at 17.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
05) was noted in the total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol, apolipoprotein B100, low density lipoprotein: apolipoprotein B100 ratio and high density lipoprotein: apolipoprotein A1 in eclamptic patients and normotensive pregnant women.
In 2013, Gulf Indian High School won the UAE RTA award for Sustainable Transport due to its usage of B100 biodiesel from Neutral Fuels.
The Transportation Safety board of Canada (TSB) TODAY released its investigation report (A12Q0029) into the appearance of smoke in the cabin and emergency landing of a Pascan Aviation Inc Beechcraft B100 aircraft.
This second generation of B100 HyperCaster is part of TelVue's commitment to keep our products in the forefront of broadcast technology development," said Jesse Lerman, president and CEO of TelVue.
This prospective cohort study aimed to determine if there is an association between HDL-C or apolipoprotein A-1 levels and cardiovascular disease across a range of low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and apolipoprotein B100 levels in women.
utilizando o oleo diesel, o CEC do conjunto motor gerador foi ligeiramente menor, comparado com as misturas com biodiesel B20, B40, B60, B100 (Figura 1).
A proporcao B100 apresentou diferencas estatisticamente significativas em relacao ao combustivel B5, com valores de potencia inferiores em 2,8% (Tabela 2).
By contrast, New Holland approves B100 biodiesel for use in its T4000F and T4000V narrow tractors and TK crawlers, both widely used in vineyards.
The EU previously said it would look into allegations that a B19 blend of biodiesel is being shipped in addition to pure B100 biodiesel.
The resulting B100 fuel burns more completely, reducing unburned hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, and particulate matter by at least half.