Lana

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Lana

 

(from Latin lana, “wool”), a medieval guild of wool-workers in an Italian city.

The Florentine lana is particularly noteworthy; the first mention of it dates to 1212, and its statute of 1317 has survived. Lana merchants bought wool in North Africa, Spain, and England and passed it on to be worked by the artisans bound to the guild. In the 14th century some finishing operations were carried out in workshops by day-laborers (ciompi). According to the chronicle of G. Villani, in the early 14th century there were more than 300 workshops of merchant entrepreneurs in the lana, producing 100,000 pieces of cloth (at least 1 million meters) annually. Within the limits of the lana, which retained many medieval features, the first scattered manufactories in world history with elements of centralization appeared in Florence, Siena, and a number of other cities. The proprietors of the largest lana workshops of the 14th and 15th centuries made up the nucleus of the ruling elite of popolani of Florence. In other cities (including Bologna, Milan, and Genoa) the lana retained more traditional features.

References in periodicals archive ?
"I am also very excited because the project is extremely worthwhile." Baro at Saya is the brainchild of Bambi Maaosa-Tanjutco and Gary Valenciano.
Martinez Baro demuestra convincentemente como y por que el sueno literario pervive en el periodo 1808-1814 y como los sonadores, haciendo uso de la libertad creativa, supieron utilizarlo como vehiculo de sus inquietudes adaptando moldes y estructuras heredados del pasado a una realidad nueva que exigia su renovacion y a la vez garantizaba su supervivencia.
Grande Amparo Baro, trabajar contigo, cono certe ha sido un honor para mi, no te olvido.
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BARO have researched and developed the UV Germicide Irradiation (UVGI) technique, culminating in the design of a range of systems that are effective for use throughout the food hygiene chain and in most food sectors such as Meat, Dairy, Bread, Fresh Cut and Transportation.
Montse Baro and her partner, David Steedman, had their heads shaved to raise money for national charity Cancer Research UK.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-27 February 2007-Swedish forestry group Sodra acquires saw mill Baro Wood AB(C)1994-2007 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.m2.com
He and Mrs Baro were among up to 30 passengers in Mohammed's carriage on the northbound Northern Line Tube train, which was travelling between Stockwell and Oval when he allegedly tried to detonate his homemade bomb.
In the spring of 1647, the High Council, the colonial government of the Dutch West India Company (WIC) in northeastern Brazil, called upon the experienced backcountry explorer Roelof Baro to secure the alliance with an indigenous people who referred to themselves as the Tarairius.
After we outline the theoretical concepts which inform our study, we introduce just two of the localities we have investigated: the school communities of 'Narandoo' and 'Baro'.
The priests, Juan Ramon Moreno, Amando Lopez, Segundo Montes, Ignacio Ellacuria, Ignacio Martin Baro, Joaquin Lopez Lopez, their housekeeper Elba Ramos and her daughter, Celina, are depicted in the upper portion of the painting, which appears inside a chapel dedicated to Archbishop Osca Romaro at the Salvadoran university.
In the "Imperialism" essay, he couples two critics of decidedly different gifts, Greenberg and Gene Baro, for the purpose of citing their "pontificating pompousness," "arrogance," and "rudeness" (traits not unknown in Britain during its own period of empire).