brain-machine interface

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brain-machine interface

A physical connection between a human brain and an electronic device. Also called a "neural interface," "mind-machine interface" (MMI) and "brain-computer interface" (BCI), the brain-machine interface (BMI) is focused on managing the movement of prosthetic limbs and enabling vision for the blind. The first interfaces were prototyped with animals in the 1990s and later on humans.

Non-Invasive and Invasive
Brain-machine interfaces may be non-invasive, with sensors on the head detecting brainwaves. However, the most precise functionality has been observed with sensors implanted in the brain tissue. The sensor detects the firing rate of a neuron, and the firing pattern can be mapped to the person's thoughts that in turn control specific robotic motions. Implantation is dangerous and controversial, and experts predict wireless, non-invasive systems will win out in the future. See brain-to-brain interface.
References in periodicals archive ?
Release date- 26082019 - BCI Minerals Limited (ASX: BCI) ('BCI' or the 'Company') is pleased to announce positive financial results for the full-year ended 30 June 2019, which place the Company in a strong position to advance the Mardie Salt & Potash Project to a final investment decision.
With the BCI system, drivers can reverse with confidence and avoid collisions.
While turning down the plea, the bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi granted the petitioner the liberty to approach the BCI for relief.
According to the agreement, BCI will connect to the Credit Registry System; developed by the Palestine Monetary Authority, to provide credit history and other demographic information about borrowers and their guarantors; either individuals or institutions, and their ranking in the returned checks system.
Minister for National Food Security and Research Mehboob Sultan met with a delegation of BCI led by its Director of Global ImpleAmentation Alia Malik.
The conference where The Egyptian Cotton Project was presented , explored how public private partnerships can drive, change, and create momentum to extend the BCI farming practices in new contexts, such as Egypt.
Jonathan became president of BCI in February 2018, having previously worked for the company from 2011-2013.
The last BCI, Wave 16, carried in May 2018, had observed that the overall Business Confidence in Pakistan stood at 14 percent positive.
The 2011 Agreement between BCI and NACM [shall] remain in place and continue to operate in accordance with its terms and NACM shall continue to honor all its obligations thereunder, including its obligation not to share BCI's membership list with any entity that provides core services; and
Independent retailers interested in stocking and selling the CANIDAE portfolio of brands are invited to contact either BCI at (800) 257-9100 or CANIDAE at (800) 398-1600.
The BCI team had held a closed door meeting with Bar members in Kathua and listened to their viewpoint as to why they obstructed the CB from filing the charge-sheet.