Béarn

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Béarn

(bāärn`), former province, SW France, in the Pyrenees. It is now the inland part of Pyrénées-Atlantiques dept. Its valleys are well cultivated, and cattle are bred. Pau replaced Orthez as the capital in the 15th cent. The Bearnese are related to the Basques but speak French. Béarn was part of Roman Aquitania. It came (6th cent.) under the control of GasconyGascony
, Fr. Gascogne, region of SW France. It is now coextensive with the departments of Landes, Gers, and Hautes-Pyrénées and parts of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Lot-et-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Haute-Garonne, Gironde, and Ariège.
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 and was made (9th cent.) a county. In 1290 it passed to the counts of Foix, who later became kings of Navarre, and in 1484 to the house of AlbretAlbret
, former duchy, SW France, in the Landes of Gascony. The powerful lords of Albret became kings of Navarre by the marriage (1484) of Jean d'Albret with Catherine de Foix, queen of Navarre, who also brought him Foix and Béarn.
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. Protestantism was imposed by Jeanne d'Albret. When her son became Henry IV of France, Béarn passed to the crown. However, it remained autonomous until 1620, when Louis XIII annexed it as an anti-Protestant measure. With the Basque districts of French or Lower Navarre, it became a French province under the jurisdiction of the parlement of Navarre, which sat at Pau.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bearn has been translated into the major European languages and made into a film, visually rich and comparable in subject matter and treatment to Tomasi de Lampedusa's 1958 novel The Leopard, which Villalonga translated.
BEARN = 12682 = 113 PUNION -- 35 PBFHEAD + 28 BWPOPR
He scored on Flying Eagle and Sir Du Bearn, but Bradley Gibbs stole the day's riding honours with a double for David Brace, courtesy of Dunraven Doc in the Young Horse Maiden and Pink Eyed Pedro in the Members race.
Medicals pushed in search of an equaliser, the Diggers put the game of reach with a fourth On target were Hayton (2), Thomas and Chris Mills for Andy Whealton and Bearn for Medicals.
Peter Bryan, aged 18, made every post a winning one on the Mickey Bowen -trained Sir Du Bearn when coming home 20 lengths ahead of the prolific Rosies Peacock in the mixed open.
Meanwhile Rosies Peacock (John Mathias), a 25-times winner, was caught on the run-in by Sir Du Bearn, ridden by 18-year-old Peter Bryan.
Two Dan Bearn goals and one each from Okechukwo Okoukwo, Joe Stevens, Andy Hebron and John Parr put MDT through.
John Parr and Dan Bearn scored a brace each for MDT.