Marie François Xavier Bichat

(redirected from Bichat)
Also found in: Medical, Acronyms.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bichat, Marie François Xavier


Born Nov. 14, 1771, in Thoirette; died July 22, 1802, in Paris. French anatomist, physiologist, and physician.

Bichat studied at Montpellier, Lyon, and Paris. He worked as a physician in a Paris hospital from 1799 to the end of his life. Bichat created a scientific classification of tissues, which, according to his theory, unite into systems (for example, bones and muscles) and form organs of the body. The terms “tissue” and “system” were first introduced into medicine by Bichat. According to Bichat, the totality of systems and their elementary functions constitute the life processes of the body. In his Weltanschauung, Bichat was an idealist who believed in the presence of a life-force which is unknowable and distinguishes the animate from the vegetable and inanimate.


In Russian translation:
Fiziologicheskie issledovaniia o zhizni i smerti. St. Petersburg, 1865.


Lunkevich, V. V. Ot Geraklita do Darvina, vol. 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Olmsted, J. Franqois Magendie. New York, 1945.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Petit manuel d'anatomie Paris, Francia descriptive ou description succinte de tous les organes de l'homme Bichat, X.; Traite d'anatomie descriptive Paris, Francia Buisson, M.; Roux, P.
Closure of oroantral communications with Bichat's buccal fat pad.
The man was then lowered to the ground to receive treatment on a nasty leg injury before being taken to the nearby Bichat hospital.
([1] EMI INSERM 03-37 and Service d'Urologie, Universite Paris 12, AP-HP, Hopital Henri Mondor, Creteil, France; [2] Service de Biochimie et Genetique, [3] Service d'Anatomie et Cytologie Pathologiques, and [6] Service d'Urologie, Universite Paris 7, AP-HP, IFR02, Hopital Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris, France; [4] UMR 144, CNRS Institut Curie, Paris, France; [5] Service d'Urologie CHRU Besancon, France; * address correspondence to this author at: Service de Biochimie et Genetique, Hopital Bichat, 46 rue Henri Huchard 75018 Paris, France) Table 1.
Scientists ranging from the proto-Idealist John Hunter (influential on Coleridge and his scientific circle), to the materialist Xavier Bichat struggled with the mystery of what constituted life, and often concluded that it existed at a level well below organic form.
Philippe Manasche of Hospital Bichat in Paris, France, whose group also used muscle cells, said that in some cases, improvement in blood pumping ability has lasted 2 years, the longest followup period to date.
So far, there are no signs of ill effects from the introduced cells, says Philippe Menasche of the Hospital Bichat in Paris.