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Animal and plant life characterizing a given region.
Flora and fauna, collectively.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Collectively, the plants, micro-organisms, and animals of a region.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a historically composed aggregate of plants and animals, united by a common area. As opposed to a biocenosis, the species composing a biota do not necessarily have to be linked ecologically (for instance, the kangaroo and the lungfish Ceratodus, both components of the Australian fauna). However, in many cases the identical aggregate of organisms can be viewed as both a biota (from the point of view of biogeography) and as a biocenosis (from the point of view of ecology).


Bobrinskii, N. A. Geografiia zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.