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Animal and plant life characterizing a given region.
Flora and fauna, collectively.


Collectively, the plants, micro-organisms, and animals of a region.



a historically composed aggregate of plants and animals, united by a common area. As opposed to a biocenosis, the species composing a biota do not necessarily have to be linked ecologically (for instance, the kangaroo and the lungfish Ceratodus, both components of the Australian fauna). However, in many cases the identical aggregate of organisms can be viewed as both a biota (from the point of view of biogeography) and as a biocenosis (from the point of view of ecology).


Bobrinskii, N. A. Geografiia zhivotnykh. Moscow, 1951.