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McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

brain-machine interface

A physical connection between a human brain and an electronic device. Also called a "neural interface," "mind-machine interface" (MMI) and "brain-computer interface" (BCI), the brain-machine interface (BMI) is focused on managing the movement of prosthetic limbs and enabling vision for the blind. The first interfaces were prototyped with animals in the 1990s and later on humans.

Non-Invasive and Invasive
Brain-machine interfaces may be non-invasive, with sensors on the head detecting brainwaves. However, the most precise functionality has been observed with sensors implanted in the brain tissue. The sensor detects the firing rate of a neuron, and the firing pattern can be mapped to the person's thoughts that in turn control specific robotic motions. Implantation is dangerous and controversial, and experts predict wireless, non-invasive systems will win out in the future. See brain-to-brain interface and Neuralink.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, the risk of hypertension in children increases across the entire range of body mass index (BMI) values and is not defined by a simple threshold effect.
To compare different BMI metrics, the researchers reviewed data from 6,977 children aged 2-17 years participating in the longitudinal Bogalusa Heart Study who were examined in two or more cross-sectional studies.
This is designed to set an interim rate agreeable to both BMI and the RMLC.
In the multiple myeloma study, normal weight is defined as a BMI of no more than 25 kg/m2, and morbidly obese is in the range of 35 to 40 kg/m2.
In the meantime, limitations imposed against money transfer for BMI branches in UAE were also eradicated."
According to BMI (based on the World Health Organization categories for Asian population) at the time of booking, they were divided into normal BMI group (less than 22.9 kg/m2) and high BMI (>23 kg/m2).7
Gareth Pearson, CEO of BMi Research, says the acquisition is positive for both parties as it aligns with the two companies visions and their growth strategies.
A Mann-Whitney test was used to identify differences in preoperative, postoperative, and pre-to-postoperative improvements in results for aTSA and rTSA patients sorted into three different BMI groups: less than 25, 25 to 35, and greater 35, where p < 0.05 denoted a significant difference.
According to chief underwriter at Zurich International Life, Chris Bagnall, a high BMI was associated with many of these claims.
Confirming the announcement, the Bank's Board of Directors released the following statement, "It is with regret that the Board of Directors of BMI Bank would like to confirm that Jamal Al-Hazeem has decided to step down from his position as Chief Executive Officer of BMI Bank.
5000 list of America's fastest growing companies for a second consecutive year,” stated John Hendrickson, CEO of InterDyn BMI. “Our focus on delivering quality business solutions to our customers has resulted in remarkable growth over the past 5 years.