bonsai


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bonsai

(bōn`sī), art of cultivating dwarf treesdwarf tree,
in horticultural practice, a tree artificially kept to a smaller size than is normal for average members of the species. This is usually accomplished either by limiting its root space and food and by careful pruning or by grafting it on the rootstock of a smaller
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. Bonsai, developed by the Japanese more than a thousand years ago, is derived from the Chinese practice of growing miniature plants. In bonsai cultivation, woody plants are kept small and in true proportion to their natural models by growing them in small containers, feeding and watering them only enough for healthy growth, pruning, and training branches in the desired shape by the application of wire coils; the term bonsai also refers to the plants dwarfed by this method. Weathered trees in harsh climates serve as natural models for aged-looking, gnarled, bent, and overhanging miniature trees. The selection of containers, the position of the plant in the container, and the choice of single plants or plant groupings are important aesthetic considerations. In Japan, various native evergreens, i.e., junipers, spruces, and pines, as well as many flowering deciduous trees, are cultivated; in America many native species have been found suitable. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden in New York City houses an extensive bonsai collection.

Bibliography

See Brooklyn Botanic Garden: Handbook on Dwarfed Potted Trees: The Bonsai of Japan (1974).

bonsai

[bōn′sī]
(botany)
The production of a mature, very dwarfed tree in a relatively small container.

bonsai

the art of growing dwarfed ornamental varieties of trees or shrubs in small shallow pots or trays by selective pruning, etc
www.bonsai4me.com
www.bonsaiweb.com
http://geocities.com/bonsai_enthusiasts/index.html
www.saba.org.za
References in periodicals archive ?
These world-renowned bonsai masters continue to shape the world of modern bonsai with traditional and contemporary techniques.
Most bonsai research projects involve ambiguity and uncertainty; you are using your skills as an information professional to distill what you found into a one-paragraph summary.
In attendance were bonsai masters Kunio Kobayashi from Japan, and Amy Liang, Yen Zi Jing and Wu Jian Zhang from Taiwan; viewing-stones experts Thomas Elias from the United States and Hiromi Nakaoji from Japan; and Ikenobo professor Romeo Balderrama Jr.
It was explained how bonsai was fine-tuned in Japan.
The ultra-portable and ergonomic user design of the ACUSON Bonsai's laptop and mobile cart system offers flexibility in scanning locations.
From mixing the right growing medium to choosing the perfect pot to displaying your mini bonsai, this Japanese gardening book gives you basic techniques and valuable tips to help you grow miniature: flowering trees; pines; maples; oaks; junipers; and other varieties of tiny trees and potted plants that are readily available and last for years
I used to work away and as soon as I came back I would go to check my bonsai. I'm in the garden even when it's raining."
"I used to work away from Monday to Friday and as soon as I came back before I went into the kitchen I would go to check my bonsai.
This report describes the case of a patient with respiratory depression and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) developing following bonsai use and subsequent pneumothorax.
Conclusion: Osborn wave may be a significant criterion to initiate close monitoring in a coronary care unit, with supportive treatment and mechanical ventilation as necessary in those patients who abuse Bonsai.
El interes de este personaje (Julio) por darle forma y cuidado a un bonsai, visibiliza un proyecto de vida al modo japones: aparece una vision idealizada --que se propone desde uno de los epigrafes que dan inicio a la novela ("El dolor se talla y se detalla", verso del poeta chileno Gonzalo Millan)--, construye una suerte de sanidad vital y asegurar que despues del fracaso existira un giro de lo catastrofico.
The terms "bonsai" and "penjing"--"Japanese and Chinese, respectively, for "pot-cultivated"--"refer to the art of designing and maintaining miniature living trees or shrubs, long considered the ultimate in gardening skill.