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Inflammation of the glans of the penis or of the clitoris.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



inflammation of the glans penis. It is usually associated with prepuce inflammation, or posthitis (bal-anoposthitis). Balanitis occurs chiefly in children whose glans penis is covered by the prepuce, especially if the latter is tight (phimosis). A distinction is made between primary and secondary balanitis. Primary balanitis can be caused by bacteria, retained urine, smegma, and so on in the preputial sac in congenital phimosis and the like. Secondary balanitis arises when an infection (such as gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, or syphilis) spreads to the glans penis from the urethra. Among the systemic diseases, such diseases as diabetes mel-litus and allergic disorders (eczema, hives) may be conducive to the development of balanitis. Balanitis is manifested by pain, ureteral colic while urinating, reddening or even ulceration of the skin of the glans penis and prepuce, suppurative discharges from under it, edema of the penis, and enlargement of the inguinal lymph nodes.

Treatment includes the use of anti-inflammatory drugs (such as antibiotics, baths with disinfectants), as well as surgery in phimosis and recurrent balanitis combined with diabetes. The condition is prevented by observing the rules of personal hygiene.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
AR1030 N25[degrees]/047[degrees] first appeared on Nov 5 type Cro but then faded quickly to type Bxo the following day and by Nov 7 was visible only in H-alpha.
The group developed to type Bxo on Jan 9 and continued to grow as it crossed the solar disk.
AR1057 N16[degrees]/322[degrees], a possible return of AR1051, was seen near the eastern limb on Mar 24 type Bxo. By Mar 27 the group had developed to type Dki and by the following day had an area of 400 millionths.
AR1079 S25[degrees]/121[degrees] appeared on the disk in the SW quadrant to the east of AR1078 on June 9 type Bxo. The group reduced to a single Axx spot on June 10, was not seen the following day and made a brief reappearance on June 12.
AR1086 N18[degrees]/150[degrees] formed on the disk in the NW quadrant on July 5 type Bxo consisting of 3 small spots.
AR1119 N22[degrees]/097[degrees] also made a brief appearance on Oct 24 type Bxo.
By the following day the group had declined to type Bxo consisting of 4 small spots and was not seen on Jan 9.
AR1165 S20[degrees]/186[degrees] also remained on the disk from the previous month type Bxo containing 3 small sunspots.
AR1187 S22[degrees]/352[degrees] formed on the disk on Apr 8 near the CM type Bxo. The group was also seen on Apr 9 & 10 but not thereafter.
AR1242 N18[degrees]/056[degrees] remained on the disk from June but soon declined being type Bxo on July 2 with three small sunspots.
The group was type Hsx on Aug 23 and was seen as a Bxo group consisting of 3 small spots on Aug 27.
The group was last seen on Sept 11 approaching the limb, type Bxo.