Hadad

(redirected from Ba'lu)

Hadad

(hā`dăd), in the Bible. 1 Son of Ishmael. An alternate form is Hadar. 2 King of Edom. 3 Last king of Edom. Hadar is an alternate form. 4 Scion of the kings of Edom, who escaped Joab's massacre. He fled to Egypt and married the pharaoh's sister-in-law. Later he seems to have relieved Edom from Solomon's oppression.

Hadad

(hā`dăd) or

Adad

(ā`dăd), ancient weather god of Semitic origin, worshiped in Babylonia and Assyria. Important throughout the Middle East, he was worshiped under many names. As god of the storm, he was, according to one legend, the Epic of Gilgamesh, responsible for the great flood that overwhelmed the world.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mark Smith, for instance, translates the line "Baal waits on El," while Dennis Pardee has similarly rendered it "Ba'lu attending on 'Ilu." (37) As far as I can tell, this way of rendering the idiom goes back to H.
The West Semitic reading of [.sup.d]ISKUR, Ba'lu or Haddula (5d, 5e, 5f, 8) remains uncertain and may have varied depending on locale.
The evidence for this root is widespread: there are Arabic forms as well as Sabaean dmr 'to protect, defend.' In Ugaritic there are references in the Ba'lu epic to dm dmr, generally rendered 'the blood of warriors,' and there may be another noun form 'protection,' perhaps dimru.
(30a) du-Ba'li 'the one of Ba'lu,' Mari, Zadok, "Amorite Material," 322b
(30c) du-Ba'lu 'the one of Ba'lu' (144 occs.), Emar, SCCNH 13, 185-87
450, takes all of these as Ba'l-beli 'Ba'lu is my lord,' but there is only one writing that shows the suffix, [.sup.d]ISKUR-1+EN-li, and this individual is different from the others mentioned.
But the reading [.b]kr "firstborn" may well suggest to the reader the sacrifice of firstborns at the Tophet, when he reads "A bull, O Ba'lu, we sanctify,...