Baalbek

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Baalbek

(bäl`bĕk), ancient city, now in Lebanon, 35 mi (56 km) NW of Damascus, in the Al BiqaBiqa, Al
, or El Bika
, upland valley of Lebanon and Syria, 75 mi (121 km) long and 5 to 9 mi (8–14.5 km) wide, between the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ranges; highest part of the Rift Valley complex.
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 (Bekaa) valley. Originally it was probably devoted to the worship of Baal or Bel, the Phoenician sun god, although no traces of an early Phoenician settlement have survived. The Greeks called the city Heliopolis [city of the sun]. It became very prominent in Roman days and was made a separate colony by Augustus. Both Greek and Roman architects employed their genius on Baalbek's buildings. Among the most imposing Roman remains are the temple of Bacchus and the temple of Jupiter. The city was sacked by invaders and was destroyed by an earthquake in 1759.

In the mid-1970s the modern town of Baalbek, which borders the ruins of the ancient city, became a stronghold of Palestinian and Syrian forces, changing hands several times during Lebanon's 15-year civil war. Tourism, the city's staple industry, was interrupted until the 1990s. Baalbek has since become a stronghold of the Lebanese Hezbollah political party and its militia, and was subjected to Israeli air attacks during the 2006 fighting.

Baalbek

a town in E Lebanon: an important city in Phoenician and Roman times; extensive ruins. Pop.: 150 000 (1998 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Baalbeck International Festival continues Friday evening with an evening of tarab, courtesy of Syrian vocalist Mayada El Hennawy and her ensemble.
Since 1999, Grand Hotel Kadri has been the main host of Baalbeck International Festivals.
Driving across the country to Baalbeck took us through hills and into the fertile Bekaa Valley.
The Baalbeck job is quite divorced from Cherri's real practice, of course.
According to IOM's 2014 survey, 30% of Lebanese returnees depended on agriculture as their main source of income when they lived in Syria and have sought refuge in some of the poorest areas bordering Syria, such as Akkar, Baalbeck, Hasbaya and Hermel.
Being the cultured person that he is, we're predicting Martin will make a few excursions to some of Lebanon's most picturesque historical cities, such as Byblos and Baalbeck.
The Army troops used heavy artillery and flares during the operation, the NNA said, adding that the regulars carried out a series of raids in Ras Baalbek and Arsal towns in search for ammunition and weapons, on the background of the fall of two shells last night on the outskirts of Ras Baalbeck.
An Israeli reconnaissance plane violated the Lebanese airspace over the town of Naqoura, effectuating u-turn maneuvers over the localities of Riak and Baalbeck, Army Command- Guidance Directorate said in a communique.
The clash followed the firing of 18 rockets into the Baalbeck area Saturday, and Hezbollah may have attacked Syrian and Lebanese Sunni fighters it believed to be responsible, or who were setting up rockets to fire again.
We are also concentrating on efforts beyond Beirut including Baalbeck and Byblos that are rich in culture and history.
The premier performance is the first in the region since its Baalbeck Festival in Tehran in 1975 and represents a historic return for the Orchestra.