Baalbek

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Baalbek

(bäl`bĕk), ancient city, now in Lebanon, 35 mi (56 km) NW of Damascus, in the Al BiqaBiqa, Al
, or El Bika
, upland valley of Lebanon and Syria, 75 mi (121 km) long and 5 to 9 mi (8–14.5 km) wide, between the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ranges; highest part of the Rift Valley complex.
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 (Bekaa) valley. Originally it was probably devoted to the worship of Baal or Bel, the Phoenician sun god, although no traces of an early Phoenician settlement have survived. The Greeks called the city Heliopolis [city of the sun]. It became very prominent in Roman days and was made a separate colony by Augustus. Both Greek and Roman architects employed their genius on Baalbek's buildings. Among the most imposing Roman remains are the temple of Bacchus and the temple of Jupiter. The city was sacked by invaders and was destroyed by an earthquake in 1759.

In the mid-1970s the modern town of Baalbek, which borders the ruins of the ancient city, became a stronghold of Palestinian and Syrian forces, changing hands several times during Lebanon's 15-year civil war. Tourism, the city's staple industry, was interrupted until the 1990s. Baalbek has since become a stronghold of the Lebanese Hezbollah political party and its militia, and was subjected to Israeli air attacks during the 2006 fighting.

Baalbek

a town in E Lebanon: an important city in Phoenician and Roman times; extensive ruins. Pop.: 150 000 (1998 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
BEIRUT: A Syrian boy was injured after accidentally setting off a land mine on the outskirts of east Lebanon's Baalbeck, the state-run National News Agency reported Sunday.
We are proud to be part of this initiative by the Embassy of Lebanon in Abu Dhabi and the Lebanese Business Council of Abu Dhabi that will further reinforce cultural exchange and cooperation between the two countries, and which marks the first time that the Baalbeck International Festival is represented in the Arab countries," they added.
Lebanon has four cultural sites listed -- Baalbeck, Byblos, Tyre and Anjar -- and one natural, the Qadisha Valley in the north.
The band combines Sinno's vocals with violin, bass, guitars, drums and key- boards played by Haig Papazian, Carl Gerges, Andre Chedid, Firas Abou Fakher, Ibrahim Badr and Omaya Mal- aeb, the band's only female member, who wore a red Rabih Kayrouz dress at the Baalbeck Festival.
Since 1999, Grand Hotel Kadri has been the main host of Baalbeck International Festivals.
Ulsterman Brian Keenan spent years in captivity in Baalbeck area after he was seized by Hezbollah militia in 1985.
Ulster man Brian Keenan spent years in captivity in Baalbeck - which now markets itself as The City of Sun" - after he was seized by Hezbollah militia in 1985.
Driving across the country to Baalbeck took us through hills and into the fertile Bekaa Valley.
After an absence of 25 years the world famous Baalbeck Festival is back.
Currently in the midst of a two-year-long world tour for the album "Rapture of the Deep" -- including a performance scheduled for Thursday, July 28, just outside of Beirut for the Baalbeck Music Festival, Deep Purple does not plan on disappointing Lebanese fans.
He was rejected in his hometown so they brought him to Baalbeck," the LF source added.
The Culture Minister also attended the "For You Baalbeck" Show, previously hosted in Baalbeck two years ago on the 60th commemoration of the Baalbeck International Festivals foundation, in the presence of the Festivals Committee Head, Nayla de Freij, and a large crowd of diplomatic, social and cultural figures.