Baalbek

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Baalbek

Baalbek (bälˈbĕk), ancient city, now in Lebanon, 35 mi (56 km) NW of Damascus, in the Al Biqa (Bekaa) valley. Originally it was probably devoted to the worship of Baal or Bel, the Phoenician sun god, although no traces of an early Phoenician settlement have survived. The Greeks called the city Heliopolis [city of the sun]. It became very prominent in Roman days and was made a separate colony by Augustus. Both Greek and Roman architects employed their genius on Baalbek's buildings. Among the most imposing Roman remains are the temple of Bacchus and the temple of Jupiter. The city was sacked by invaders and was destroyed by an earthquake in 1759.

In the mid-1970s the modern town of Baalbek, which borders the ruins of the ancient city, became a stronghold of Palestinian and Syrian forces, changing hands several times during Lebanon's 15-year civil war. Tourism, the city's staple industry, was interrupted until the 1990s. Baalbek has since become a stronghold of the Lebanese Hezbollah political party and its militia, and was subjected to Israeli air attacks during the 2006 fighting.

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Baalbek

a town in E Lebanon: an important city in Phoenician and Roman times; extensive ruins. Pop.: 150 000 (1998 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a town that contributed to the flourished religious touristic movement in Baalbek -- Hermel Governorate, thanks to the shrine on its land, as its proximity to the City of the Sun, Baalbeck, has motivated every visitor of Baalbeck's religious sites to seek blessings from that holy shrine.
BEIRUT: The Baalbeck International Festival will once more play host to musical fusion, with two nights of classical Arabic music blended with Latin tunes.
The region's oldest arts festival pays tribute to late Arab diva Umm Kulthum, who sang in Baalbeck in 1966, 1968 and 1970.
" We are proud to be part of this initiative by the Embassy of Lebanon in Abu Dhabi and the Lebanese Business Council of Abu Dhabi that will further reinforce cultural exchange and cooperation between the two countries, and which marks the first time that the Baalbeck International Festival is represented in the Arab countries," they added.
Lebanon has four cultural sites listed -- Baalbeck, Byblos, Tyre and Anjar -- and one natural, the Qadisha Valley in the north.
The band combines Sinno's vocals with violin, bass, guitars, drums and key- boards played by Haig Papazian, Carl Gerges, Andre Chedid, Firas Abou Fakher, Ibrahim Badr and Omaya Mal- aeb, the band's only female member, who wore a red Rabih Kayrouz dress at the Baalbeck Festival.
Since 1999, Grand Hotel Kadri has been the main host of Baalbeck International Festivals.
Ulsterman Brian Keenan spent years in captivity in Baalbeck area after he was seized by Hezbollah militia in 1985.
Ulster man Brian Keenan spent years in captivity in Baalbeck - which now markets itself as The City of Sun" - after he was seized by Hezbollah militia in 1985.
"For so long we waited for the Baalbeck Festival to return to Lebanon and last night..." She stares out of the window momentarily.
Summary: The joy of a wedding in Baalbeck's Younin quickly turned to misery after a deadly fight broke out over the weekend, killing three people and wounding at least four others, including the bride's mother.
The Head of State also met with the "Baalbeck International Festivals Committee" chaired by Nayla de Freij.