Baalbek


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Baalbek

(bäl`bĕk), ancient city, now in Lebanon, 35 mi (56 km) NW of Damascus, in the Al BiqaBiqa, Al
, or El Bika
, upland valley of Lebanon and Syria, 75 mi (121 km) long and 5 to 9 mi (8–14.5 km) wide, between the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ranges; highest part of the Rift Valley complex.
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 (Bekaa) valley. Originally it was probably devoted to the worship of Baal or Bel, the Phoenician sun god, although no traces of an early Phoenician settlement have survived. The Greeks called the city Heliopolis [city of the sun]. It became very prominent in Roman days and was made a separate colony by Augustus. Both Greek and Roman architects employed their genius on Baalbek's buildings. Among the most imposing Roman remains are the temple of Bacchus and the temple of Jupiter. The city was sacked by invaders and was destroyed by an earthquake in 1759.

In the mid-1970s the modern town of Baalbek, which borders the ruins of the ancient city, became a stronghold of Palestinian and Syrian forces, changing hands several times during Lebanon's 15-year civil war. Tourism, the city's staple industry, was interrupted until the 1990s. Baalbek has since become a stronghold of the Lebanese Hezbollah political party and its militia, and was subjected to Israeli air attacks during the 2006 fighting.

Baalbek

a town in E Lebanon: an important city in Phoenician and Roman times; extensive ruins. Pop.: 150 000 (1998 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Several members of the Nusra Front also died after Hezbollah targeted them with artillery in an area called Dahr al-Hawa, on the outskirts of Arsal, south of Ras Baalbek.
In a statement, the Lebanese Centre for Geophysics said that the quake hit an area to the north of Baalbek, between the city of Baalbek and Al-Fakehah city, but there have not been any reports on possible damage or losses.
According to the daily's unnamed Baalbek correspondent, LAF units were tipped-off and arrested the culprits at the Talya makeshift refugee camp, east of Baalbek.
Another Israeli reconnaissance plane violated the Lebanese airspace over the village of Kfar Kalla and circled over Al-Rayak, Baalbek, before leaving , the Lebanese military said in a statement posted on the Lebanese National News Agency.
The project aims to develop capacities at the Ministry of Environment and Baalbek Municipality for the solid waste management; a sanitary landfill will be constructed and the existing dump site in Baalbek will be restored as pilot activities.
As a host of Imam Khamenei's religious representative in Baalbek last Sunday, Patriarch Beshara Rai renewed his attacks on the media and press in a regrettable way.
Accompanied by a delegation, Ozyildiz met with representatives of Turkmen villages and listened to their problems in Baalbek city.
The population in Baalbek is predominantly made up of Shiites.
Israel says it seized several Hezbollah fighters after an operation near the ancient city of Baalbek in Lebanon, a charge denied by the resistence group.
Military sources claimed to have killed 10 Hezbollah guerrillas and captured five in the north-eastern city of Baalbek, while air strikes killed at least 15 civilians.
The bombardment came as Israeli forces hit deep inside Lebanon with air strikes on the Hizbollah stronghold of Baalbek killing 19 people, including four children.
This beautiful volume celebrates the renewed access of scholars and tourists to the site of Baalbek after more than twenty years during which travel there by outsiders was dangerous if not impossible, due to the conditions of the Lebanese civil war.