Baalbek


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Baalbek

(bäl`bĕk), ancient city, now in Lebanon, 35 mi (56 km) NW of Damascus, in the Al BiqaBiqa, Al
, or El Bika
, upland valley of Lebanon and Syria, 75 mi (121 km) long and 5 to 9 mi (8–14.5 km) wide, between the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ranges; highest part of the Rift Valley complex.
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 (Bekaa) valley. Originally it was probably devoted to the worship of Baal or Bel, the Phoenician sun god, although no traces of an early Phoenician settlement have survived. The Greeks called the city Heliopolis [city of the sun]. It became very prominent in Roman days and was made a separate colony by Augustus. Both Greek and Roman architects employed their genius on Baalbek's buildings. Among the most imposing Roman remains are the temple of Bacchus and the temple of Jupiter. The city was sacked by invaders and was destroyed by an earthquake in 1759.

In the mid-1970s the modern town of Baalbek, which borders the ruins of the ancient city, became a stronghold of Palestinian and Syrian forces, changing hands several times during Lebanon's 15-year civil war. Tourism, the city's staple industry, was interrupted until the 1990s. Baalbek has since become a stronghold of the Lebanese Hezbollah political party and its militia, and was subjected to Israeli air attacks during the 2006 fighting.

Baalbek

a town in E Lebanon: an important city in Phoenician and Roman times; extensive ruins. Pop.: 150 000 (1998 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Several members of the Nusra Front also died after Hezbollah targeted them with artillery in an area called Dahr al-Hawa, on the outskirts of Arsal, south of Ras Baalbek.
Party members erected checkpoints and inspected identification papers of motorists and passers-by in the city of Baalbek.
NNA - The General Directorate of Lebanon's State Security arrested on Friday a terrorist cell affiliated Al-Nusra Front in Baalbek. The cell comprises of Syrian nationals (Walid G.), (Ahmad G.), (Zakaria G.) and (Ziad R.), who took part in battles against the Lebanese army in Arsal back in 2014.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: Municipal trucks early Monday reopened all side roads leading to the commercial district in Baalbek hours after a number of people claiming to be merchants blocked them to press authorities to beef up security measures in the Bekaa Valley city.
BEIRUT: Residents of the northeastern town of Ras Baalbek have discovered an unusually large bat, state media reported Monday.
According to a military source, the Lebanese Army devastated the ISIL terrorists in the Baalbek Highlands on Wednesday, killing over 15 enemy combatants as they attempted to expel the terrorist group from eastern Lebanon, Al Masdar reported.
The earthquake, measuring 3.9 on the Richter scale, hit the northern parts of the Lebanese city of Baalbek in northern Lebanon.
The Israeli aircraft flew over the village of Kfar Kalla and circled over the regions of Al-Rayak and Baalbek before leaving the Lebanese airspace over the village of Rmesih.
Hairy situation draws gunmen to Baalbek hospital A patient, angry that a doctor tried to shave his body hair to perform an operation, called his friends to open fire on a Baalbek hospital Monday, sources said.
In speeches at a dinner in Baalbek and at a lunch in Hermel hosted by Sheikh Mohammed Yazbeck, head of Hizbullah's religious committee and the religious representative in Lebanon of Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamanei, Rai stood firm, ignoring March 14 Christian politicians' harsh criticisms.
Staff at Lebanon's Electricite du Liban have warned that some workers in Baalbek's energy station have been threatened if they do not transfer electricity to certain bodies, the Daily Star has reported.