Baalbek

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Baalbek

Baalbek (bälˈbĕk), ancient city, now in Lebanon, 35 mi (56 km) NW of Damascus, in the Al Biqa (Bekaa) valley. Originally it was probably devoted to the worship of Baal or Bel, the Phoenician sun god, although no traces of an early Phoenician settlement have survived. The Greeks called the city Heliopolis [city of the sun]. It became very prominent in Roman days and was made a separate colony by Augustus. Both Greek and Roman architects employed their genius on Baalbek's buildings. Among the most imposing Roman remains are the temple of Bacchus and the temple of Jupiter. The city was sacked by invaders and was destroyed by an earthquake in 1759.

In the mid-1970s the modern town of Baalbek, which borders the ruins of the ancient city, became a stronghold of Palestinian and Syrian forces, changing hands several times during Lebanon's 15-year civil war. Tourism, the city's staple industry, was interrupted until the 1990s. Baalbek has since become a stronghold of the Lebanese Hezbollah political party and its militia, and was subjected to Israeli air attacks during the 2006 fighting.

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Baalbek

a town in E Lebanon: an important city in Phoenician and Roman times; extensive ruins. Pop.: 150 000 (1998 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
BAALBEK, Lebanon: A midday prison escape Thursday has baffled authorities after a convoy transporting prisoners Rabie Awada and Ali Jaafar unexpectedly changed route before being intercepted by armed men who then freed the prisoners and absconded.
BAALBEK, Lebanon : A Jordanian national managed to escape from his abductors in northeast Lebanon Monday, days after being kidnapped, a security source told The Daily Star.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: Fears of a sectarian conflict rose in the northern Bekaa Valley Tuesday after the family of a soldier killed by militants around two years ago allegedly kidnapped and executed an east Lebanon man they accused of involvement in the crime.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: As the clock struck seven on Sunday morning, 105 municipalities in Baalbek and 33 in Hermel opened their doors to prospective voters.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: Two days before municipal elections in east Lebanon's Bekaa Valley Sunday, Hezbollah, the Amal Movement and a number of local families are gearing up for fierce competitions in some areas.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: Citizens Within a State, a new civil society secular group, nominated three women for the Baalbek municipal elections in eastern Lebanon Friday.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: A Lebanese fatally shot a Syrian man and wounded another in the eastern city of Baalbek Monday, a security source told The Daily Star.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: Three weeks before municipal elections, preparations for the race are picking up steam in the northern Bekaa, where clan allegiances can supersede political loyalties.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: Relative calm appears to have returned to the northeastern Lebanese-Syrian border Tuesday, following three days of battles between militants from Daesh (ISIS) and the Nusra Front.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: One Army soldier was killed and three others wounded when a roadside bomb targeted their convoy Thursday near a restive northeastern border town, the military said in a statement.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: A kidnap kingpin was reportedly killed in a failed abduction attempt in east Lebanon's Bekaa Valley, a security source told The Daily Star Wednesday.
BAALBEK, Lebanon: A Syrian man Monday re-enacted the murder of his mother inside their home in east Lebanon's Bekaa Valley, a source told The Daily Star.