Bab El-Mandeb

Bab El-Mandeb

 

(Arabic, Bab al-Mandab; literally, “gates of woe,” because of the danger to navigation), a strait between the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula and Africa, joining the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden of the Arabian Sea. At its narrowest point Bab el-Mandeb is 26.5 km wide; its shallowest point in the fairways is 182 m. The island of Perim divides the strait into two passages, the greater and the lesser. In winter the upper current, which carries less salty water, flows toward the Red Sea, and the lower current, which has saltier water, flows from the Red Sea. In summer both the upper current (with a depth to 25–50 m below the surface) and the lower current (100–150 m from the bottom) carry salt waters from the Red Sea, and the intermediate current (at a depth of 25–50 m and 100–150 m) carries waters to the Red Sea. The strait has great economic and strategic importance, since it straddles the path from Europe into eastern and southern Asia and Australia.

References in periodicals archive ?
From the very beginning, the UAE and Saudi Arabia had different goals in Yemen as Riyadh wanted to secure its southern border from Houthi attacks while Abu Dhabi wanted military and economic access to vital global trade routes via the Bab el-Mandeb straits and Horn of Africa.
"This co-operation and collaboration of resources is designed to preserve the freedom of navigation, promote maritime stability and de-escalate tensions in international waters throughout the Arabian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz, the Bab el-Mandeb Strait and the Gulf of Oman.
Al Maliki said that the targets included five booby-trapped boats that the Houthis had prepared for terrorist acts to threaten international trade in the Bab el-Mandeb Strait and the southern Red Sea.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Commander of the Iranian Navy's Southern Fleet Rear Admiral Afshin Tashak said on Sunday that the country's 61st flotilla, comprising a destroyer and a logistical vessel, was dispatched on a mission to the Bab el-Mandeb Strait to safeguard international maritime routes used by compatriot vessels.
[05/January/2019] SANAA, Jan.5 (Saba) --Red Sea, Arabic Al-Ba[sz][sup.1]Nr Al-A[sz][sup.1]Nmar, narrow strip of water extending southeastward from Suez, Egypt, for about 1,200 miles (1,930 km) to the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, which connects with the Gulf of Aden and thence with the Arabian Sea.
This meetings come a day after Al-Sisi hosted embattled Yemeni President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi in Cairo, where they addressed securing the international trade flow through the Bab El-Mandeb strait against Houthi rebels, who repeatedly attacked oil shipments, since the beginning of the war in Yemen.
"We unequivocally reject Yemen transferring a foothold for the non-Arab forces, or a platform that threatens its brotherly Arab countries' security and stability, or the freedom of navigation in the Red Sea and Bab el-Mandeb Strait," said President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi on Monday.
Saudi-owned VLCCs have started to gather off the southern coast of Oman after state-owned Saudi Aramco temporarily halted oil shipments through the Bab el-Mandeb strait at the bottom of the Red Sea, impeding its access to Europe.
In the interest of the safety of ships and their crews and to avoid the risk of oil spill, Saudi Aramco has temporarily halted all oil shipments through Bab El-Mandeb with immediate effect.
The Red Sea has three important waterways: The Suez Canal, the Straits of Tiran and the Strait of Bab El-Mandeb. Arab coordination in the October 1973 war is a good example of the "Arabian lake" concept, because the blockade of the Strait of Bab El-Mandeb was a painful blow to Israel, turning Eilat - its only Red Sea port - into a ghost town and tightening the siege of the sea.
Pirates like Iranian ships: The Iranian Navy reported that it repelled a massive Somali pirate attack on an Iranian vessel in the Bab el-Mandeb Strait off Yemen Monday morning.
Richard Harootunian, said, "With our main focus areas lying in the maritime corridors stretching from the Suez Canal to the Bab el-Mandeb to the Straits of Hormuz, we made sure to invite not only State's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs and embassies in the Arabian Peninsula and the Levant, but also the Bureau of African Affairs and embassies in East Africa."