Bab El-Mandeb

Bab El-Mandeb

 

(Arabic, Bab al-Mandab; literally, “gates of woe,” because of the danger to navigation), a strait between the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula and Africa, joining the Red Sea with the Gulf of Aden of the Arabian Sea. At its narrowest point Bab el-Mandeb is 26.5 km wide; its shallowest point in the fairways is 182 m. The island of Perim divides the strait into two passages, the greater and the lesser. In winter the upper current, which carries less salty water, flows toward the Red Sea, and the lower current, which has saltier water, flows from the Red Sea. In summer both the upper current (with a depth to 25–50 m below the surface) and the lower current (100–150 m from the bottom) carry salt waters from the Red Sea, and the intermediate current (at a depth of 25–50 m and 100–150 m) carries waters to the Red Sea. The strait has great economic and strategic importance, since it straddles the path from Europe into eastern and southern Asia and Australia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Arab coordination in the October 1973 war is a good example of the "Arabian lake" concept, because the blockade of the Strait of Bab El-Mandeb was a painful blow to Israel, turning Eilat - its only Red Sea port - into a ghost town and tightening the siege of the sea.
Pirates like Iranian ships: The Iranian Navy reported that it repelled a massive Somali pirate attack on an Iranian vessel in the Bab el-Mandeb Strait off Yemen Monday morning.
The Egyptian presidency has previously noted "the participation of the required elements of the armed forces in an abroad mission to defend the Egyptian and Arab national security in the area of the Arabian Gulf, the Red Sea, and the Bab El-Mandeb Strait.
Richard Harootunian, said, "With our main focus areas lying in the maritime corridors stretching from the Suez Canal to the Bab el-Mandeb to the Straits of Hormuz, we made sure to invite not only State's Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs and embassies in the Arabian Peninsula and the Levant, but also the Bureau of African Affairs and embassies in East Africa.
naval forces already in the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, which separates the southwestern tip of the Arabian Peninsula from Africa, to combat Houthi rebels off southern Yemen and potential aggression from the Iranian navy.
In a statement, the Bahraini Ministry of Foreign Affairs stressed that "this terrorist attack would threaten international navigation, and expose the commercial navigation in the Strait of Bab el-Mandeb to risk.
The destroyer at the time of the missile fire was north of the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, which serves as a gateway for oil tankers headed to Europe through the Suez Canal, the official said.
According to reports, around 180 troops, including foreign mercenaries, were killed in the attack in the Bab el-Mandeb region in the country's southwestern province of Ta'iz.
Pointing to speculations that Bab el-Mandeb is going to be closed, the commander said international regulations do not allow any country to close shipping ways even during wars.
Bab el-Mandeb, a narrow body of water, is the key strategic entry point into the Red Sea, through which around four million barrels of oil pass each day on ships headed to or from the Suez Canal.
Although Yemen is not one of the biggest oil producers in the Middle East, oil from producers in the Gulf is shipped along the Gulf of Aden on Yemen's southern coast and through the narrow straits of Bab el-Mandeb, between Yemen and Djibouti, so fighting in the region could result in creating log jams in deliveries.
The oil industry is watching the conflict with concern as Yemen lies on shipping lanes and the narrow Bab el-Mandeb passage, through which nearly 4 million barrels of oil are shipped daily to international markets.