Babesia

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Babesia

[bə′bezh·ə]
(invertebrate zoology)
The type genus of the Babesiidae, a protozoan family containing red blood cell parasites.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Babesia

 

(or Piroplasma), a genus of protozoa of the order Piroplasmidae, class Sarcodina. The name was given in 1893 in honor of the Rumanian scholar V. Babe§, who first discovered the parasites in 1888 in the blood of cattle.

Some authors divide the genus Babesia into four genera or subgenera (Piroplasma. Nuttallla, Babesiella, and Franca-iella). Babesias are blood parasites of cattle, horses, sheep, pigs, and dogs. They cause a serious disease, babesiasis. In the erythrocytes of mammals babesias multiply asexually, with each one dividing into two or four organisms. Babesias are transmitted by ticks, in whom they reproduce asexually in the intestinal tract or in the intracellular spaces. In this situation forms of babesias can orginate in the ovule of the tick and remain there multiplying asexually. From such infected tick eggs come larvae with babesias in all their organs and salivary glands. When a tick sucks the blood of a vertebrate animal, babesias are transmitted to that organism and they then become lodged in the erythrocytes. In the USSR there are ten species; the main ones are B. bigemina (Piro-plasma bigeminum), B. bovis (Piroplasma bovis, Babesiella bovis), and B. ovis (Piroplasma ovis, Babesiella ovis).

REFERENCES

Dogel’, V. A., Iu. 1. Polianskii, and E. M. Kheisin. Obshchaia
protozoologiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
Levine, N. D. Protozoan Parasites of Domestic Animals and of Man. Minneapolis, 1961.

O. I. CHIBISOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
[17] MOREL, P.C.; Reflections on the epizootiology of bovine babesiasis in Europe due to Babesia divergens. Bull.
Therapeutic efficacy of atovaquone against the bovine intraerythrocitic parasite, Babesia divergens. J.
Role of quinine in life-threatening Babesia divergens infection successfully treated with clindamycin.
The experimental transmission of Babesia divergens by Ixodes ricinus.
Experiments on the transmission of Babesia divergens to cattle by the tick Ixodes ricinus.
Sheep as a new experimental host for Babesia divergens. Vet Res.
Separation and recombination of Babesia divergens and Ehrlichia phagocytophila from a field case of redwater from Eire.
Management of Babesia divergens babesiosis without a complete course of quinine treatment.
Phylogenetic relationships of Babesia divergens as determined from comparison of small subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences.
Quinine in the treatment of Babesia divergens infections in humans.
The piroplasms that infect these ticks include Babesia divergens, B.