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(veterinary medicine)
A tick-borne protozoan disease of mammals other than humans caused by species of Babesia.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a protozoan disease of equids. Babesiasis is caused by the unicellular parasite Nuttallia equi of the family Babesiidae. The disease occurs on all continents except Antarctica. In the USSR, babesiasis arises in the southern and eastern zones and in several central regions of the RSFSR. Cases of babesiasis are recorded most often in spring and summer, which coincides with the sexually mature phase of the tick—the transmitter of the infectious agent. The body temperature of affected animals is raised; the animals are sluggish, and their work capacity is greatly reduced. The mucosa are jaundiced, and the number of erythrocytes and amount of hemoglobin decrease. Babesiasis is diagnosed on the basis of clinical data and epizootic circumstances; the diagnosis is confirmed by microscopic examinations. Chemotherapeutic preparations are used in treatment. Babesiasis is prevented by extermination of ticks.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Equine piroplasmosis, or equine babesiasis, is a protozoan disease occurring in horses, mules, and donkeys in the southeastern part of the United States, particularly Florida and Georgia.
The occurrence of babesiasis affecting small terrestrial mammals and the importance of this zoonosis in Europe.
One major group of livestock diseases are the different forms of piroplasmosis (or babesiasis), parasites that destroy the red blood cells.