Bakunin may be situated in this tradition by contrasting him with Babeuf
and Blanqui, who in turn differed between themselves.
Lejos de concretarse la anoranza de Babeuf
de una felicidad comun terrena iluminada por una estricta voluntad virtuosa, el periodo posrevolucionario trajo consigo una inestable organizacion de las relaciones economicas, politicas y sociales, dominadas por la vanidad, las intrigas, la logica de la ganancia y la avidez ilimitada de sujetos posesivos en permanente competencia entre si.
29) He became interested in the career of Francois Noel (Gracchus) Babeuf
(1760-97), who had been executed in 1797 after leading the "Conspiracy of the Equals," an abortive coup that was designed to reverse the drift towards pragmatic moderation and return the Revolution to a more egalitarian path.
E ora l'ha stornata verso i francesi, Rousseau Babeuf
Fourier Proudhon, ma anche per Victor Hugo e per la Sand .
His object of analysis there, however, is the communalist (what I would not consider it unfair to call "cryptostatist") "anarchy" of Babeuf
, Proudhon, Bakunin, and Kropotkin.
This was certainly the aim for Mably, one of the earliest enlightenment thinkers to advocate a radically egalitarian ideology and whom Gracchus Babeuf
would later cite as the inspiration behind his own communism.
Por eso ya en la Revolucion Francesa se hicieron presentes, donde no solo se paso por la guillotina a la aristocracia "premoderna", sino tambien a figuras tan simbolicas como Babeuf
, uno de los lideres de los movimientos obreros, a Olympe de Gouges, la mujer de la emancipacion femenina y, posteriormente, se degollo en la carcel a Toussaint Louverture, el lider haitiano de la liberacion de los esclavos.
The energies of the French Revolution reached a conclusion and a beginning in the conspiracy of Gracchus Babeuf
In Chapter 2, "Applying the concept of right: Fichte and Babeuf
," the author compares Fichte to the French revolutionary writer and administrator Francois-Noel Babeuf
(known as Gracchus Babeuf
There is nothing new in this rhetoric: Toward the end of the 18th century, there was Babeuf
, who claimed there would be nothing worthy about cleverness, if it were not for the high opinion of its worth that the cleverer have managed to impose.
The long revolution will soon make its mark on reality, tossing its unknown or nameless authors pell-mell into the ranks of Sade, Fourier, Babeuf
, Marx, Lacenaire, Stirner, Lautreamont, Lehautier, Vaillant, Henry, Villa, Zapata, Makhno, of the Communards, the insurrectionaries of Hamburg and Kiel, Kronstadt and Asturias--in short, of all those precursors who have not yet played their last cards in a game that we have only just joined: the great gamble on freedom.
It was this same mechanistic materialism, however, that provoked a new wave of social reformers and revolutionaries, with Gracchus Babeuf
as their forerunner in the French Revolution, and now led by Condorcet, Turgot, Comte, Saint-Simon, and Fourier who called themselves the "prophets of Paris.