The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



followers of the ideas of Babeuf. After the execution of Babeuf in 1797, the Babouvists continued their activities in cooperation with the left-wing Jacobins. The repressions of the Napoleonic regime dealt a heavy blow to the Babouvists. The publication of Conspiracy for Equality by F. Buonarroti in 1828 and his return from exile to Paris after the July Revolution of 1830 contributed to a revival of Babouvism and the dissemination of Babeuf’s ideas by secret republican societies in France and Belgium in the 1830’s and 1840’s. Babouvism influenced the world views and political activities of T. Dezamy and J. Pillot, representatives of neo-Babouvism in the revolutionary communist movement. By the late 1840’s, with the spread of the ideas of L. A. Blanqui, who took over some concepts from Babeuf and Buonarroti, Babouvism disappeared as a separate trend.


Volgin, V. P. Frantsuzskii utopicheskiikommunizm. Moscow, 1960.
Frantsuzskii ezhegodnik, I960. Moscow, 1961. Pages 154–209.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
She fails to provide her own criteria although she recognises that "many of those we think of as socialist called themselves, or were labelled by others, Jacobins, Saint-Simonians, Fourierists, communists, Icarian communists, Babouvists, and even neo-Babouvists." (9) The term "socialist," which was probably coined by Leroux, is a product of the 1830s, and at the time it merely indicated someone who favoured social reform and who was opposed to "individualism." Critics of "individualism" usually meant by the term both laissez-faire capitalism and the value-system espoused by its supporters.