Babur


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Babur

(bä`bər) [Turk.,=lion], 1483–1530, founder of the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 empire of India. His full name was Zahir ud-Din Muhammad. A descendant of TimurTimur
or Tamerlane
, c.1336–1405, Mongol conqueror, b. Kesh, near Samarkand. He is also called Timur Leng [Timur the lame]. He was the son of a tribal leader, and he claimed (apparently for the first time in 1370) to be a descendant of Jenghiz Khan.
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 (Tamerlane) and of Jenghiz KhanJenghiz Khan
or Genghis Khan
, Mongolian Chinggis Khaan, 1167?–1227, Mongol conqueror, originally named Temujin. He succeeded his father, Yekusai, as chieftain of a Mongol tribe and then fought to become ruler of a Mongol confederacy.
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, he succeeded (1494) to the principality of Fergana in central Asia. His early life was spent in an ultimately unsuccessful struggle to retain his inheritance and to recover Samarkand (Timur's capital) from the Uzbeks. In 1504, however, he captured Kabul and established a kingdom in Afghanistan. After the failure of his final attempt (1512) on Samarkand, Babur began raids southward into India. In 1525, responding to an invitation from the governor of the Punjab to overthrow the sultan of Delhi, Babur launched an invasion. Although his force was small, he defeated the sultan at Panipat in 1526 and captured Agra and Delhi. He ultimately conquered nearly all of N India. Babur was also a distinguished poet. His autobiography, The Baburnama (tr. by A. S. Beveridge, 1922, and by W. M. Thackston, 1996), is his most important work. His son Humayun succeeded him. Babur's name is also transliterated Baber and Babar.

Bibliography

See biographies by F. Grenard (tr. 1930, repr. 1971) and M. Hasan (1986); study by R. D. Palsokar (1971).

Baber

, Babar, Babur
original name Zahir ud-Din Mohammed 1483--1530, founder of the Mogul Empire: conquered India in 1526
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Babur was the founder and first emperor of the Mughal Empire, and a descendant of the infamous Genghis Khan.
The Babri Mosque issaid to have been built by Mughal Emperor Babur in 1526.
In a way the fallout of what Mahmud did, or the Mongol Taimur did, or the Mughal Babur did, lives in one form or another in our collective sub-conscious memory, just as 1947 impacts our current communal mindset.
Talking about his play Sons of Babur , Salman Khurshid told City Times : "I have been reading about Mughals since childhood.
The writer-politician's thought-provoking satire Sons of Babur, will be staged on October 12, along with another popular comedy, Ghalib in New Delhi .
We experience it through the rapt expressions on the faces of guards and lifelong friends Babur (Arian Moayed) and Humayun (Omar Metwally).
Dr Afzal Babur questions whether court orders would also be applicable on army institutions ISLAMABAD:Three different decisions given by three high courts pertaining to summer vacation fee further complicated things for the private sector schools having networks in major cities of the country.