Bac Son Culture

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Bac Son Culture


an archaeological culture dating to the early Neolithic, widespread throughout the mountainous areas of Southeast Asia. It replaced the mesolithic Hoa Binh culture. It is named after the Bac Son massif in northern Vietnam. The Bac Son culture is represented by caves serving as residence for primitive inhabitants. Excavations have unearthed coarsely hewn axes and scrapers made from riverbed pebbles. Stone axes with partially polished blades are commonplace, as are elongated pebble tools with flutes for sharpening fluted tools. The ceramics are crude, with basket imprints showing. The bearers of the Bac Son culture engaged in gathering and, to some extent, hunting. Their anthropological classification is the Australoid racial type (in the broad sense of the term), with some admixture of Mongoloid elements.


Boriskovskii, P. I. Pervobytnoe proshloe V’etnama. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.