Baca, Elfego(1865–1945) Mexican-American hero; born in Socorro, N.M. A fearless lawman, he protected Mexican-Americans from Texans in New Mexico Territory. In 1884, he arrested a drunken Texas cowboy and killed another Texan who tried to free him; besieged and shot at by a mob of Texans, Baca surrendered, was tried, and was found innocent. He was sheriff of Socorro County and then turned to practicing law (1894–1945).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.