baccalaureate

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baccalaureate

1. the university degree of Bachelor or Arts, Bachelor of Science, etc.
2. an internationally recognized programme of study, comprising different subjects, offered as an alternative to a course of A levels in Britain
3. US a farewell sermon delivered at the commencement ceremonies in many colleges and universities
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Baccalaureate

 

in many countries, the first academic degree. In the medieval universities of Western Europe, it was granted to students upon completion of the first stage of education. In Russia at one time, teachers in ecclesiastic schools were called baccalaureates; at the end of the 18th century, graduates of the Teachers’ Institute of Moscow University received this degree. The baccalaureate, within contemporary systems of academic titles and degrees of many foreign countries, including Great Britain and the USA, is granted to graduates of universities and other higher educational institutions after they have passed special examinations, and sometimes, upon defense of a dissertation abstract. As a rule, the baccalaureate is equivalent to the diploma received by graduates of four-year Soviet higher educational institutions upon passing state examinations. In France, since 1808, the baccalaureate certifies completion of secondary education and gives the right to university admission.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I would only mention a few studies from the social-cultural field: Perceptia publica a scolii romanesti (2010); Perceptii asupra, sistemului, medical din Romania (2010); Perceptii, privind examenul de bacalaureat (2011); Indicatori, de perceptie pentru sistemul educational din Romania.