Bagaudae

(redirected from Bacaudae)

Bagaudae

 

participants in the anti-Roman national liberation movement in Gaul and northern Spain in the third through fifth centuries A. D.

The Bagaudae were primarily destitute peasants, petty artisans, coloni, and fugitive slaves. The Bagaudae movement was one of the signs of crisis in the Roman slave-owning society and government. The Bagaudae uprising began in 283–285 (or 269–270). The main area of the revolt was located between the Seine and Loire rivers (where extensive deep forests provided excellent shelter). Formed into detachments, the Bagaudae attacked the villas of the great landowners and poorly defended cities. The Bagaudae leaders, Amandus and Aelian, were proclaimed imperators; they formed an army that included an infantry of farmers and a cavalry of herdsmen.

The Bagaudae movement, suppressed by the Romans, reappeared in 408 (the Bagaudae attacked Roman troops in the Alps). In 435–447 the rebels seized northwestern Gaul, but they were defeated twice by the Roman generals Aetius and Litorius. In the middle of the fifth century a Bagaudae uprising broke out in northern Spain; it was suppressed by the Romans, then by Visigothic generals.

REFERENCES

Dmitriev, A. D. “Dvizhenie bagaudov.” Vestnik drevnei istorii,1940, nos. 3–4.
Korsunskii, A. P. “Dvizhenie bagaudov.” Vestnik drevnei istorii,1957, no. 4.
References in periodicals archive ?
While the kingdoms of the Iberian peninsula could boast a Roman past which had significantly influenced their history, France's historians had to do with a continuous history of conflicting integration with and attempts to separate from the Empire in the form of Gallic Empire, bacaudae, multiple usurpers and general disintegration of Roman authority in Gaul at the expense of local, provincial power structures (DRINKWATER 1992; VAN DAM 1992; MACGEORGE 2002).
It is noteworthy that such movements, designated bacaudae, met several outbursts that even won by Roman repressive apparatus never came to be, apparently, fully suppressed, being in a latent state between the second and fifth centuries, amidst the various outbreaks.