Bacillus anthracis


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Related to Bacillus anthracis: Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Vibrio cholerae, Bacillus anthracis toxin

Bacillus anthracis

[bə¦sil·əs ‚an′thrak·əs]
(microbiology)
A gram-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming bacterium that is the causative agent of anthrax; its spores can remain viable for many years in soil, water, and animal hides and products.
References in periodicals archive ?
A review of the Bacillus Anthracis Infections products under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources.
The Department of Health & Human Services (DHHS) recently solicited responses to a Request for Proposal (RFP) for 'Acquisition of Therapeutic Products for Treatment of Inhalational Anthrax Disease for the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS)' under which monoclonal antibodies will be selected and purchased to treat civilians in the event of a bioterror attack using Bacillus anthracis.
Immune responses to Bacillus anthracis protective antigen in patients with bioterrorism-related cutaneous or inhalational anthrax.
While this antibiotic is being developed for the treatment of serious infections caused by Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE), Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MSRA) and other organisms that are becoming increasingly resistant to available antibiotics, preclinical testing and analysis have shown the compound to be potent against Bacillus cereus, a sporeforming bacterium genetically similar to Bacillus anthracis.
Three virulence factors account for majority of the clinical manifestations of Bacillus anthracis and are edema toxin, lethal toxin and an antiphagocytic capsular antigen.
Evidence for plasmid-mediated toxin production in Bacillus anthracis.
Following a directive from UVDI, researchers at Pennsylvania State University(1) have identified what they believe to be the most appropriate rate constant for killing Bacillus anthracis using ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI).
Fluorescent detection techniques for real-time multiplex strand-specific detection of Bacillus anthracis using rapid PCR.
These data provide some insight into the activity of antibiotics, such as clarithromycin, against Bacillus anthracis and support further study of this drug against anthrax.
AVP 21D9 is a human monoclonal antibody to Bacillus anthracis protective antigen (PA) that was discovered and developed by AVANIR Pharmaceuticals.
1) in this issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases describes the use of syndromic surveillance to detect inhalational anthrax resulting from a hypothetical covert release of Bacillus anthracis spores at a major shopping mall.
The successful validation tests on the Bacillus anthracis surrogate Bacillus subtilis, were conducted by Dr.