bacillus

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bacillus

(bəsĭl`əs), any rod-shaped bacterium or, more particularly, a rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Bacillus. Some bacterium in the genus cause disease, for example B. anthracis is the cause of anthraxanthrax
, acute infectious disease of animals that can be secondarily transmitted to humans. It is caused by a bacterium (Bacillus anthracis) that primarily affects sheep, horses, hogs, cattle, and goats and is almost always fatal in animals.
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; others are useful in the production of antibioticsantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
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 (e.g., gramicidingramicidin
, antibiotic obtained from the bacterial species Bacillus brevis, which is found in soil. Gramicidin is particularly effective against gram-positive bacteria (see Gram's stain).
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 and bacitracinbacitracin
, antibiotic produced by a strain of the bacterial species Bacillus subtilis. It is widely used for topical therapy such as for skin and eye infections; it is effective against gram-positive bacteria, including strains of staphylococcus that are resistant to
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). Many organisms earlier classified as Bacillus species are now placed in different genera but continue to be referred to as baccili.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
Any rod-shaped bacterium.

Bacillus

[bə′sil·əs]
(microbiology)
A genus of bacteria in the family Bacillaceae; rod-shaped cells are aerobes or facultative anaerobes and usually produce catalase.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Probiotic bacteria capable of acting in several (more than one) species are especially attractive to aquaculture, because they can be used in integrated and polyculture systems, such as Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 which demonstrated beneficial effects for P.
After treating with the amylase Bacillus licheniformis in starches, the relative amylose content increased by 1-3% in three samples and decreased by 6% in the starch treated with the highest concentration of the enzyme (Bl-1).
Nwokoro, "Studies on the production of glucose isomerase by Bacillus licheniformis," Polish Journal of Chemical Technology, vol.
Nematocidal composition comprising bacillus subtilis and bacillus licheniformis. European Patent No.
Therefore, in this study, to analyze the collective effect of various factors, Plackett-Burman (PB) and response surface methodology (RSM) were used for the optimization of amylase production from Bacillus licheniformis MTCC 1483 using paddy straw as solid substrate and thereby reducing the burning of paddy straw as a methods used for paddy straw disposal.
It was clearly observed that all Jordanian hot springs investigated in this study were found to be populated with Bacillus licheniformis species.
Hur, "Isolation of an organic solvent-tolerant bacterium Bacillus licheniformis PAL05 that is able to secrete solvent-stable lipase," Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry, vol.
Among these 24 isolates, an isolate KSU-6 showed maximum amylase enzyme production (37.52 U mL-1), and the isolate was identified as Bacillus licheniformis KSU-6.
Bacillus subtilis, and Bacillus Licheniformis and coated by corresponding coating layers, which could successively dissolve and work in different microenvironment in the digestive tract.

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