Uninterruptible Power Supply

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Uninterruptible Power Supply

(hardware)
(UPS) A battery powered power supply unit that is guaranteed to provide power to a computer in the event of interruptions in the incoming mains electrical power. Different rating UPSs will provide power for different lengths of time.

Modern UPSs connect to the computer's serial port and provide information such as battery time remaining, allowing the computer to shut down gracefully before complete loss of power.

UPS

(Uninterruptible Power Supply) A device that provides battery backup when the electrical power fails or drops to an unacceptable voltage level. Small UPS systems provide power for a few minutes; enough to power down the computer in an orderly manner, while larger systems have enough battery for several hours. In mission critical datacenters, UPS systems are used for just a few minutes until electrical generators take over.

UPS systems can be set up to alert file servers to shut down in an orderly manner when an outage has occurred, and the batteries are running out.

Surge Suppression and Voltage Regulation
A surge protector filters out surges and spikes, and a voltage regulator maintains uniform voltage during a brownout, but a UPS keeps a computer running when there is no electrical power. UPS systems typically provide surge suppression and may provide voltage regulation. See surge suppression.

Standby and Line Interactive
A standby UPS, also called an "offline UPS," is the most common type of UPS found in a computer or office supply store. It draws current from the AC outlet and switches to battery within a few milliseconds after detecting a power failure.

The line interactive UPS "interacts" with the AC power line to smooth out the waveforms and correct the rise and fall of the voltage.

Online UPS
The online UPS is the most advanced and most costly UPS. The inverter is continuously providing clean power from the battery, and the computer equipment is never receiving power directly from the AC outlet. However, online units contain cooling fans, which do make noise and may require some location planning for the home user or small office.


Three UPS Types
All UPS systems switch to battery when the power fails. The difference is how they handle the power under normal circumstances. Standby units provide limited attenuation whereas line interactive systems will adjust the voltage and smooth out bad harmonics. Online systems are constantly regenerating clean power. (Diagrams courtesy of MGE UPS SYSTEMS.)


Three UPS Types
All UPS systems switch to battery when the power fails. The difference is how they handle the power under normal circumstances. Standby units provide limited attenuation whereas line interactive systems will adjust the voltage and smooth out bad harmonics. Online systems are constantly regenerating clean power. (Diagrams courtesy of MGE UPS SYSTEMS.)







Size Does Matter
When the power goes off, the unit on the right will keep more equipment running for a longer time than the one on the left, because the battery is larger. Battery size is an important criterion when selecting UPS systems.








Backing Up the Backup
In APC's Symmetra Power Array, all modules share in the total load; thus, any unit can fail and be replaced without jeopardizing the security the UPS was intended to provide in the first place. (Image courtesy of American Power Conversion Corporation.)
References in periodicals archive ?
UPS are used as back-up power supplies for essential facilities like data centres and financial institutions, where a stable and continuous power supply is necessary to protect critical computers, communication equipment and control systems that would otherwise be vulnerable to blackouts or sudden voltage drops.
During a visit to the city markets, majority of wholesalers and retailers said the demand for back-up power supplies has increased, since people were anticipating the power shortage this summer.
High system efficiency also means longer back-up power availability or smaller battery capacities required.
A factor that has contributed to this growth is the continuous demand for back-up power in data centres and the wider IT markets.
When a power disruption or outage occurs, a UPS provides backup power to the connected devices and systems giving researchers the ability to finish a test before the battery back-up power runs out.
A vendor at Blue Area said for a couple of weeks, demand for back-up power supplies has increased, since everyone was anticipating power outages this summer.
APC develops a variety of products for back-up power and surge protection, such as UPS systems and data line protectors,
Michael Stout, vice president of Engineering at Falcon Electric Inc., lrwindale,CA, which provides a variety of back-up power products.
Site infrastructure efficiency shows how much power fuels that IT equipment, and how much is diverted into support systems (back-up power and cooling).
These environmentally friendly systems improve power reliability, produce cleaner electric power, and provide back-up power to critical building systems.
Applications include back-up power for communications, plant automation, security systems, remote telemetry, gate openers and surveillance cameras.